Gideon v. Wainwright

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Gideon v. Wainwright,

case decided in 1963 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Clarence Earl Gideon was convicted of a felony in a Florida court. He had defended himself after being denied a request for free counsel. The Supreme Court, in overturning his conviction, held that the right to counsel, guaranteed in federal trials by the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution, is fundamental to a fair trial. State failure to provide counsel for a defendant charged with a felony violated the due process clause of the Fourteenth AmendmentFourteenth Amendment,
addition to the U.S. Constitution, adopted 1868. The amendment comprises five sections. Section 1

Section 1 of the amendment declares that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens and citizens of their state
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 to the Constitution. The decision was one of many by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren that protected the rights of accused criminals and extended the guarantees in the Bill of Rights to state actions. The holding was expanded in 1972 to require counsel for any defendant who would spend even one day in jail if found guilty.

Bibliography

See A. Lewis, Gideon's Trumpet (1964).

Gideon v. Wainwright

established right of all defendants to counsel (1963). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 585]
See: Justice
References in periodicals archive ?
372 U.S. 335. For the Court, the Betts opinion's refusal to extend
Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963): Indigent state criminal defendants must be provided counsel
"Lawyer in criminal courts are necessities, not luxuries" -Justice Hugo Black, Gideon V Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335,344(1963)
Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963); see also TOMKOVICZ, supra note 29, at 20-21.
Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335, 350-51 (1963) (Harlan, J., concurring) (finding no sustained convictions after Quicksall, 339 U.S.
372 U.S. 335. The Robinson decision was the last of the day, and it ends on page 527 of the reports.
Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335, 349-50 (1963) (Harlan, J., concurring) ("It is evident that these limiting facts were not added to the opinion as an after-thought; they were repeatedly emphasized, and were clearly regarded as important to the result." (citations omitted)).
Liberties Union, Amici Curiae at 9, Gideon, 372 U.S. 335, 1962 WL 115121
Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335, 344 (1963); see also supra Parts I.B, II.A.
Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963), the Supreme Court recognized that the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees all indigent criminal defendants the right to a lawyer at the state's expense.