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(kəmĭntārn`) [acronym for Communist International], name given to the Third InternationalInternational,
any of a succession of international socialist and Communist organizations of the 19th and 20th cent. The First International

The First International was founded in London in 1864 as the International Workingmen's Association.
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, founded at Moscow in 1919. Vladimir Ilyich LeninLenin, Vladimir Ilyich
, 1870–1924, Russian revolutionary, the founder of Bolshevism and the major force behind the Revolution of Oct., 1917. Early Life
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 feared a resurgence of the Second, or Socialist, International under non-Communist leadership. The Comintern was established to claim Communist leadership of the world socialist movement. The delegates to the first congress were mainly Russians, with some members of left-wing socialist splinter groups who happened to be in the Soviet Union and one German (who abstained on the crucial vote of establishing the organization). Gregory ZinovievZinoviev, Grigori Evseyevich
, 1883–1936, Soviet Communist leader, originally named Radomyslsky. He joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor party in 1901 and sided with Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction after 1903 (see Bolshevism and Menshevism).
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 was the first president of the Comintern. The second congress laid down (1920) the "Twenty-one Conditions" for membership, firmly establishing a differentiation between the socialist parties and the Communist parties. The Comintern gained strength during the 1920s, but its efforts to foment revolution, notably in Germany, were unsuccessful. In 1935, the Comintern abandoned the membership policies established under the "Twenty-one Conditions" and began to form coalitions, or popular fronts, with bourgeois parties. In 1936, Germany and Japan concluded the so-called Anti-Comintern Pact, ostensibly to protect the world from the Third International. The pact was renewed in 1941 with 11 other countries as signatories. In order to allay the misgivings of its allies in World War II, the Soviet Union dissolved the Comintern in 1943.


See B. Lazitch and M. M. Drachkovitch, Biographical Dictionary of the Comintern (1973); study by J. Riddell (1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
The 3rd International mRNA Health Conference is being organized by a joint efforts from BioNTech, CureVac and Moderna, all three biopharmaceutical companies in the field of mRNA-based technology.
The 3rd international donors' conference opened today morning in the presence of high-level officials and figures, led by the Amir of Kuwait Shaikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.
The 3rd International Nowruz Celebrations were held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, on March 25, 2012 with former President Ahmadinejad and his Tajik, Afghan and Pakistani counterparts in attendance.
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Riyadh, Rajab 29, 1434, Jun 8, 2013, SPA -- Prince Nawaf bin Faisal bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz, the General President of Youth Welfare, President of Saudi Arabian Olympic Committee and Member of the International Olympic Committee, who is also the Ambassador for Peace and Sport, has confirmed that the meetings of the UN 3rd International Forum on Sport for Peace and Development held under the motto: "Finding Common Vision" were very successful.
Also held during the same period will be Rubber Compounding Asia 2014, 3rd International Conference on Rubber Compounding, March 11-12; Tire Industry Tech 2014, 2nd International Conference on Tire Design, Development and Manufacturing, March 11-12; Latex Tech Asia, 2nd International Conference on Latex Products Manufacturing, March 13-14; Rubber Markets 2014, 2nd International Conference on Rubber Industry Market Outlook, March 13; Rubber Molding Asia 2014, 1st International Conference on Rubber Molding and Molding of Rubber, March 13; Rubber Recycling 2014, 1st International Conference on Rubber Recycling, March 14; and Adhesion Tech 2014, 1st International Symposium on Adhesion Technologies, March 15.
Global Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering (GCCSEE 2012) & The 3rd International Symposium on Multi-field Coupling Theory of Rock and Soil Media and Its Applications (2012: Yichang, China) Ed.
Dubai: To discuss the challenges posed by diabetes-related limb amputations, the 3rd International Diabetic Foot Conference will be held from November 9 to 10, 2012 in Dubai.
Prince Sultan bin Salman, president of the Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities (SCTA), will be one of the main speakers at the 3rd International Architectural Conservation Conference and Exhibition.
Ramtha, April 3 (Petra) -- The 3rd International Conference on Information and Communication Systems (ICICS 2012) kicked off on Tuesday, organized by the Faculty of Computer and Information Technology at the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST).
The film has been shortlisted in the VAFI 3rd international Children and Youth Animation Film Festival which is hosted annually in Croatia.
The film was shortlisted in the VAFI 3rd international Children and Youth Animation Film Festival which is hosted annually in Croatia between April 12 and April 15.