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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



by Soviet law, work exceeding the established duration of work time. Overtime is assigned only under exceptional conditions, for example, national military threat, natural disasters and other emergencies endangering human life, accidents at work and related consequences, and sudden malfunctions of water or gas pipes or heating, lighting, sewage, transportation, or communications systems. A person may work overtime if the worker who is to relieve him fails to appear, or if his work does not allow an interruption. The permission of the factory, plant, or local trade union committee is necessary in all cases.

Persons not permitted to work overtime include pregnant women, mothers who are breast feeding, women with children under the age of one, and workers under the age of 18. Workers enrolled in secondary general-education schools and vocational-technical schools may not work overtime on days when they have classes. The handicapped and women with children between the ages of one and eight may be assigned to work overtime only if they so agree. Overtime should not exceed four hours in the course of two consecutive days or 120 hours a year for a given worker.

Workers who receive time-rate wages are paid time and a half for the first two hours overtime and double time for subsequent hours; those who receive piece rate wages receive in addition a certain percentage of the tariff system applied to workers engaged in similar work but receiving time-rate wages: 50 percent for the first two hours overtime and 100 percent for subsequent hours. In those sectors of the national economy where uniform tariff systems have been set for both types of wages, workers receive an additional 37.5 percent of the rate for the first 2 hours overtime and 75 percent for subsequent hours. Persons who work below ground in coal mines, whether the mine is in operation or under construction, receive an extra 25 percent of the tariff system for the first two hours overtime and 50 percent for subsequent hours. Compensation for overtime may not be given in the form of time off.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The number of hours worked on a building project in excess of the number agreed upon for any single day or for any one week.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major studies on supported employment indicate that the majority of people with severe disabilities are working much less than a full 40-hour week. Average wages chronicled in reports on people participating in supported employment are significantly lower than the Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) level of $500 per month.
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"My goal is to work a 40-hour week, like everybody else, instead of 70 to 80 hours."
The only catch is they get no wages at the end of the 40-hour week. It's called JobBridge.
There are many workers working a 40-hour week on the minimum wage, who don't take home more than pounds 800 a month.
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The poorest workers, men and women, were bar staff and kitchen porters earning an average pounds 173 for a 40-hour week.
It may be called JobBridge but the fact is a man or woman will be required to work a 40-hour week for [euro]1.25 an hour.
If I took a job at minimum wage I would have a wage of pounds 168 a week on a 40-hour week.
Had he signed, he would have waived his right to work a basic 40-hour week with a maximum of eight hours' overtime.
The National Minimum Wage is to go up by 13p to pounds 5.93 an hour in October, putting an extra pounds 5 for a 40-hour week in the pay packets of a million workers.
Working hours: Consultants will work a 40-hour week comprising 10 four-hour sessions, but working days will be longer for some and consultants may be expected to work evenings and weekends.