4D printing

4D printing

Using a 3D printer to create objects that change their shape when removed from the printer. Invented at MIT in 2013, the purpose is to make things self-assemble when exposed to air, water or heat due to the chemical interaction of the materials used in their manufacture. A more dramatic goal is have the objects oscillate in some fashion on their own. The 4th dimension moniker refers to the self-transformation. See 3D printing.
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 8, 2019-: 4D Printing Market is Growing Due to its Rising Demand in Construction and Clothing Sector
The future of the UK oil and gas industry not only depends on new technology in areas including robotics, 3 and 4D printing, virtual reality and digitalisation but also on teams thinking creatively and correctly in areas such as design, materials, analysis, controls and operations management.
Coming hot on the heels of 3D printing is 4D printing technology, where time becomes one of the parameters.
This trend is enabled by the following technologies: 4D Printing, Connected Home, Edge AI, Self-Healing System Technology, Silicon Anode Batteries, Smart Dust, Smart Workspace and Volumetric Displays.
[USA], Aug 19 (ANI): While the world is still trying to digest the concept of 3D printing, researchers have developed the world's first-ever 4D printing for ceramics, which are mechanically robust and can have complex shapes.
The DOLE said artificial intelligence, 3D and 4D printing, quantum computing and autonomous vehicles are some of the technologies that could reshape the manpower needs of a number of industries.
New to NPE2018 is not only a focus on 3D printing but also "4D printing." This is where an object is 3D printed using a programmable material that enables the part to adjust its appearance or shape over time (the fourth dimension) by using internal or external stimuli, according to the business consulting firm Grand View Research, San Francisco.
HCP: Is this printing method related to 3D or 4D printing?
Critical technologies to be considered include: 4D printing,
"This new approach significantly simplifies and increases the potential of 4D printing by incorporating the mechanical programming post-processing step directly into the 3D printing process.