eight-hour day

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eight-hour day:

see labor lawlabor law,
legislation dealing with human beings in their capacity as workers or wage earners. The Industrial Revolution, by introducing the machine and factory production, greatly expanded the class of workers dependent on wages as their source of income.
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Eight-Hour Day

Various
Each of Australia's states celebrates the improvements that have been made in working conditions with its own Labor Day. The Eight-Hour Day holiday is marked with parades and celebrations to commemorate trade union efforts to limit working hours. In many places, people still chant the unions' slogan: "Eight hours' labor, eight hours' recreation, and eight hours' rest!," which, by happenstance, is the basis of St. Benedict's Rule of Life for religious orders.
In Queensland Labour Day is celebrated on the first Monday in May; in New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, and South Australia it's the first Monday in October; in Western Australia it's the first Monday in March; and in Tasmania and Victoria it's the second Monday in March. In New Zealand, Labour Day is observed on the first Monday in October.
CONTACTS:
Ministry for Culture and Heritage
P.O. Box 5364
Wellington, New Zealand
64-4-471-4027; fax: 61-4-499-4490
www.nzhistory.net.nz
SOURCES:
AnnivHol-2000, pp. 54, 91, 180
BkHolWrld-1986, Mar 5
DictDays-1988, pp. 36, 65
References in periodicals archive ?
The plant has the capacity to bottle 4,000 bottles in an 8-hour day and store 70,000.
I recently put in an 8-hour day landscaping in these boots, work requiring stepping on and around large stones, plenty of walking, squatting, lifting and lots of mud.
A recent platform usage analysis revealed that when compared to the average human translator output (2500 words per day) a client using KantanMT was able to translate and publish the equivalent of 54,000 human translator days of content in a single 24-hour period, which is the same as 18,000 human translator days in one 8-hour day.
Corn husking is an excellent form of exercise, but it can be very tiring after an 8-hour day.
However, it wasn't until after World War II that nursing adopted the standard 8-hour day.
Currently, two employees fill about 90 bags in an 8-hour day using the Flexicon Twin-Centerpost unit to fill bulk bags of differing weights--2,200 lb (1,000 kg), 3,850 lb (1,750 kg) and 4,400 lb (2,000 kg).
In 1914, auto industrialist Henry Ford announced he was going to pay workers $5 for an 8-hour day, as opposed to $2.
Quite the contrary, he argues, going to great lengths to clarify that it was the very vision of Higher Progress that sustained workers' campaign for shorter hours for decades and helped usher in the 10-hour and then 8-hour day in the 19th century.
These limits are based on a worker's time weighted average over an 8-hour day.
In 1938, Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act, which set an 8-hour day and 40-hour work-week, established a minimum wage, set overtime pay and restricted child labor.
He played a leading role in unionising the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot miners to seek better wages, a cost of living allowance, and better working conditions including the 8-hour day.
In 1904, the International Socialist Conference meeting in Amsterdam called on "all Social Democratic Party organizations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on May First for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace.