eight-hour day

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eight-hour day:

see labor lawlabor law,
legislation dealing with human beings in their capacity as workers or wage earners. The Industrial Revolution, by introducing the machine and factory production, greatly expanded the class of workers dependent on wages as their source of income.
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Eight-Hour Day

Various
Each of Australia's states celebrates the improvements that have been made in working conditions with its own Labor Day. The Eight-Hour Day holiday is marked with parades and celebrations to commemorate trade union efforts to limit working hours. In many places, people still chant the unions' slogan: "Eight hours' labor, eight hours' recreation, and eight hours' rest!," which, by happenstance, is the basis of St. Benedict's Rule of Life for religious orders.
In Queensland Labour Day is celebrated on the first Monday in May; in New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, and South Australia it's the first Monday in October; in Western Australia it's the first Monday in March; and in Tasmania and Victoria it's the second Monday in March. In New Zealand, Labour Day is observed on the first Monday in October.
CONTACTS:
Ministry for Culture and Heritage
P.O. Box 5364
Wellington, New Zealand
64-4-471-4027; fax: 61-4-499-4490
www.nzhistory.net.nz
SOURCES:
AnnivHol-2000, pp. 54, 91, 180
BkHolWrld-1986, Mar 5
DictDays-1988, pp. 36, 65
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study published in the 'British Journal of Sports Medicine' showed that a morning bout of exercise combined with brief light-intensity walking breaks to frequently disrupt sitting throughout an 8-hour day can boost your short-term memory compared to uninterrupted sitting.
The 1904 Sixth Conference of the Second International called on "all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace." It is a national holiday in many countries across the world, including Bangladesh.
In Chicago, the epicentre for the 8-hour day agitators, 40,000 went out on strike with the anarchists in the forefront of the public's eye.
I recently put in an 8-hour day landscaping in these boots, work requiring stepping on and around large stones, plenty of walking, squatting, lifting and lots of mud.
A recent platform usage analysis revealed that when compared to the average human translator output (2500 words per day) a client using KantanMT was able to translate and publish the equivalent of 54,000 human translator days of content in a single 24-hour period, which is the same as 18,000 human translator days in one 8-hour day. This represents an increase in translation productivity of 18000:1 (24hrs = 3 x 8hr translator days).
Corn husking is an excellent form of exercise, but it can be very tiring after an 8-hour day. There is something refreshing, however, about being alone in the cornfield with your team and wagon while listening to the continual thump of ears on the bangboard.
At every step of this slow and incremental process, popular agitation was central; by the time of the campaign for the 8-hour day, the agitation was international in scope.
However, it wasn't until after World War II that nursing adopted the standard 8-hour day. Hospitals began using the 12-hour shift in the 1970s during a national nursing shortage as a way to retain nurses.
For every burned-out fishery biologist who puts in two hours of work in an 8-hour day and then never thinks again about the job that should be their passion; there is another who lies awake figuring a way to solve a fishing and fishery problem that few understand, even though they will never be thanked and will be hassled by much of the public for their effort.
In 1914, auto industrialist Henry Ford announced he was going to pay workers $5 for an 8-hour day, as opposed to $2.34 for a 9-hour day.