AP

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AP

(naval architecture)

access panel

A removable panel (usually secured with screws) in a frame which is usually mounted in a ceiling or wall; provides access to a concealed item that does not require frequent attention.

access point

(1) Generically, any computer or device in a network that users can gain access to can be called an access point.

(2) In most cases, an access point is a base station in a wireless LAN. Although there are other wireless technologies that use access points, the term generally refers to a Wi-Fi network. Access points (APs) can be stand-alone devices that plug into a router or switch; however, access point functionality is also built into a wireless router, which is widely used in most homes and small offices (see wireless router).

Like a Cellular Phone System
Multiple access points can be deployed in an organization, and users roaming with their mobile devices are handed off from one access point (AP) to another.

AP Name = Service Set Identifier (SSID)
Wi-Fi networks are assigned a name by the user or network administrator. When devices search for Wi-Fi networks, they display the names, called "service set identifiers" (SSIDs), of all the Wi-Fi access points in the vicinity. For more details, see SSID. See virtual access point and wireless LAN.


Access Points
Access points (APs) are similar to cellphone towers, but transmit shorter distances. Their coverage ranges from as little as 50 feet in diameter to as far as 1,000 feet with amplification. Mobile users are automatically handed off from one access point to another as they meander.







First 802.11 Access Point
The InTalk WR1200 was the first access point (AP) to conform to the IEEE 802.11 standard. Introduced in 1998, the unit supported a maximum rate of 2 Mbps. (Image courtesy of Jod Edney.)







External or Internal Antennas
Stand-alone access points are available with external antennas like the desktop unit (top) as well as ceiling mounted with internal antennas (bottom).


External or Internal Antennas
Stand-alone access points are available with external antennas like the desktop unit (top) as well as ceiling mounted with internal antennas (bottom).







There Is an Antenna Inside
Open up the ceiling-mounted access point (previous image), and you find the antenna inside the case.

accounts payable software

Financial software that deals with money owed by the organization to vendors. It summarizes the amounts owed, handles partial payments and vendor credits and also manages vendor terms, sales taxes payable and 1099s.

application processor

(1) In a mobile device, a chip used for the primary application processing in contrast with the chips that handle functions such as the display, wireless communications and power management.

(2) A computer that processes data in contrast with one that performs control functions, such as a database machine. See application server.