A. E. Housman

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Housman, A. E.

(Alfred Edward Housman) (hous`mən), 1859–1936, English poet and scholar, whose verse exerted a strong influence on later poets. He left Oxford without a degree because he had failed his final examinations. Ever afterward he was a coldly reserved, shy, and aloof man, a recluse seemingly without emotional life, but in truth a deeply closeted homosexual who may never have acted on his feelings. After serving for 10 years in the civil service, he became in 1892 a professor of Latin at University College, London, and in 1911 professor of Latin at Cambridge and fellow of Trinity College. Housman proved to be one of the finest classical scholars of his time, and a caustic critic of other scholars. Specializing in textual criticism, he produced a monumental edition of ManiliusManilius, Marcus
, fl. A.D. 10, Roman poet. Of his didactic poem on astrology, the Astronomica, five books remain. These may or may not have constituted the whole work.
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 (5 vol., 1903–30), edited JuvenalJuvenal
(Decimus Junius Juvenalis) , fl. 1st to 2d cent. A.D., Roman satirical poet. His verse established a model for the satire of indignation, in contrast to the less harsh satire of ridicule of Horace.
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 (1905) and LucanLucan
(Marcus Annaeus Lucanus) , A.D. 39–A.D. 65, Latin poet, b. Córdoba, Spain, nephew of the philosopher Seneca. At first in Nero's favor, he was later forced to kill himself when his part in a plot against the emperor was discovered.
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 (1926), and wrote valuable classical studies. It is, however, as a poet that he is best known, although only two small volumes appeared during his lifetime, A Shropshire Lad (1896) and Last Poems (1922). His verse is noted for its economy of words and directness of statement, pictures of the English countryside, and the fusion of humor and pathos, and is widely thought of as quintessentially English. The passing of youth and the inevitability of death are his most characteristic themes. His best-known poems include "When I Was One-and-twenty," "With Rue My Heart Is Laden," "To an Athlete Dying Young," and "Far in a Western Brookland." His essay The Name and Nature of Poetry (1933) was originally given as a lecture at Cambridge.


See his complete poems (ed. by T. B. Haber, with an introduction by B. Davenport, 1959); biography by G. Richards (1942, repr. 1973), biography and critical study by P. Parker (2017); studies by T. B. Haber (1967), A. S. Sydenham (1936, repr. 1973), and B. J. Leggett (1978).

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References in periodicals archive ?
In Collected Poems of A. E. Housman. NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1965.
Samuel Johnson, like A. E. Housman, was a radical conservative, and Johnson's great apophthegm, aware of society's injustices, is aware too of life's condition.
6 The review is of Richard Perceval Graves, A. E. Housman: The Scholar-Poet (London, 1979), and is included in Philip Larkin, Required Writing: Miscellaneous Pieces 1944-1982 (London, 1983), 263-5.
(2) Christopher Ricks, A. E. Housman: A Collection of Critical Essays (Englewood, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1968); A.
Brian Rosebury, in "The Three Disciplines of A. E. Housman's Poetry," VP 21 (1983): 217-228, refers to Terence on p.
Leggett, The Poetic Art of A. E. Housman: Theory and Practice (Lincoln: Univ.
Symons queried Grant Richards, the poet's longtime publisher, about including some of Housman's poems in an anthology of period writing--is Carol Efrati's The Road of Danger, Guilt, and Shame: The Lonely Way of A. E. Housman (Fairleigh Dickinson Univ.
If AEH promulgated antiwar atmospheres in his poems and personal comments, as Terence Allan Hoagwood argues in A. E. Housman Revisited (1995) and Efrati herself notes in "Housman's Military Epitaphs" (HSJ 27: 79-90), part of the timeliness of A Shropshire Lad resided in it s military features, and it captured one large segment of the literary marketplace on just such grounds, as did work of Kipling, Henry Newbolt, and the American Stephen Crane.
Scholarship on A. E. Housman has not been abundant, but HSJ 26 (2000) contains some excellent articles.