A. E. Housman

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Housman, A. E.

(Alfred Edward Housman) (hous`mən), 1859–1936, English poet and scholar, whose verse exerted a strong influence on later poets. He left Oxford without a degree because he had failed his final examinations. Ever afterward he was a coldly reserved, shy, and aloof man, a recluse seemingly without emotional life, but in truth a deeply closeted homosexual who may never have acted on his feelings. After serving for 10 years in the civil service, he became in 1892 a professor of Latin at University College, London, and in 1911 professor of Latin at Cambridge and fellow of Trinity College. Housman proved to be one of the finest classical scholars of his time, and a caustic critic of other scholars. Specializing in textual criticism, he produced a monumental edition of ManiliusManilius, Marcus
, fl. A.D. 10, Roman poet. Of his didactic poem on astrology, the Astronomica, five books remain. These may or may not have constituted the whole work.
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 (5 vol., 1903–30), edited JuvenalJuvenal
(Decimus Junius Juvenalis) , fl. 1st to 2d cent. A.D., Roman satirical poet. His verse established a model for the satire of indignation, in contrast to the less harsh satire of ridicule of Horace.
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 (1905) and LucanLucan
(Marcus Annaeus Lucanus) , A.D. 39–A.D. 65, Latin poet, b. Córdoba, Spain, nephew of the philosopher Seneca. At first in Nero's favor, he was later forced to kill himself when his part in a plot against the emperor was discovered.
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 (1926), and wrote valuable classical studies. It is, however, as a poet that he is best known, although only two small volumes appeared during his lifetime, A Shropshire Lad (1896) and Last Poems (1922). His verse is noted for its economy of words and directness of statement, pictures of the English countryside, and the fusion of humor and pathos, and is widely thought of as quintessentially English. The passing of youth and the inevitability of death are his most characteristic themes. His best-known poems include "When I Was One-and-twenty," "With Rue My Heart Is Laden," "To an Athlete Dying Young," and "Far in a Western Brookland." His essay The Name and Nature of Poetry (1933) was originally given as a lecture at Cambridge.

Bibliography

See his complete poems (ed. by T. B. Haber, with an introduction by B. Davenport, 1959); biography by G. Richards (1942, repr. 1973), biography and critical study by P. Parker (2017); studies by T. B. Haber (1967), A. S. Sydenham (1936, repr. 1973), and B. J. Leggett (1978).

References in periodicals archive ?
As is customary in Housman criticism, I print the text of Archie Burnett, The Poems of A.
Housman's life and writings," comments Archie Burnett, a Boston University scholar who spent 15 years editing The Poems of A.
For the first time in his career, the playwright ventures into homosexual territory to examine the inner life of A.
In his "The Invention of Love," he wrote persuasively of A.
When I Was One-And-Twenty Poem in the collection Shropshire Lad, A by A.
James Ellroy appropriated the title of his novel, Blood's A Rover, from a line by the Midland poet, A.
Roderick Williams/ The Artrix, Bromsgrove Birmingham Bach Choir/ Symphony Hall You could read huge significance into the fact that Elgar never set any of the much-loved poetry of his great contemporary and fellow Worcestershire lad, A.
He introduced the premiere of From Dreams and Turning, his own setting of five poems by A.
asks a friend of the young protagonist, the future poet and scholar A.
The Invention of Love," Tom Stoppard's play about the English poet A.
debut in January in a Carey Perloff-helmed production at San Francisco's American Conservatory Theater, with James Cromwell starring as the elder A.
Allen also recites poetry from the bleak, tortured Shropshire Lad cycle by A.