ABO blood group system

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ABO blood group system

[‚ā‚bē′ō ′bləd ‚grüp ‚sis·təm]
(immunology)
A set of multiple alleles found on a single locus on human chromosome 9 that specifies the presence or absence of certain red cell antigens, which determines the ABO blood group.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The performance limits of acceptability required by CLIA for proficiency testing of participants are as follows: ABO grouping, 100%; Rh D typing, 100%; antibody detecting, 80%; antibody identifying, 80%; and crossmatching, 100%.
From 2005 to 2010, the most respondents reporting an ABO grouping result was 3793.
Among useful problems are identification of atypical red blood cell antibodies, unusual requests for blood components (or requests for unusual blood components), mismatched forward and reverse ABO groupings, transfusion reaction workups, mislabeled pre-transfusion blood specimens, and nettlesome decisions regarding blood component inventory.
They proposed supplanting it with a "direct ABO verification test." In other words, perform the ABO grouping on the intended recipient a second time and dispense with crossmatching entirely.
In male donors, ABO grouping followed the same frequency pattern (B>O>A>AB).