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(ā`ə), city (1990 pop. 15,820), seat of Pontotoc co., S central Okla.; inc. 1904. It is a large cattle market and the center of a rich oil and ranch area. The city is also noted for horsebreeding, especially of quarter horses. East Central State Univ. and the Sciences and Natural Resources Center of Oklahoma are there, and the Robert S. Kerr Water Research Center (a federal laboratory) is just to the south.


see programming languageprogramming language,
syntax, grammar, and symbols or words used to give instructions to a computer. Development of Low-Level Languages

All computers operate by following machine language programs, a long sequence of instructions called machine code that is
..... Click the link for more information.


(computer science)
A computer language that was chosen by the United States Department of Defense to support the development of embedded systems, and uses the language Pascal as a base to meet the reliablity and efficiency requirements imposed by these systems.


Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

A federal law, enacted in 1990, requiring that public accommodations be accessible to those having physical disabilities; this law mandates that existing physical barriers be replaced or modified so there are no impediments to access by the physically disabled. For detailed information, write the US Equal Employment Opportunities Commission, 1801 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20507. See American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard A117.1-1992. Also see Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards and physical disability.


a high-level computer programming language designed for dealing with real-time processing problems: used for military and other systems


(After Ada Lovelace) A Pascal-descended language, designed by Jean Ichbiah's team at CII Honeywell in 1979, made mandatory for Department of Defense software projects by the Pentagon. The original language was standardised as "Ada 83", the latest is "Ada 95".

Ada is a large, complex, block-structured language aimed primarily at embedded applications. It has facilities for real-time response, concurrency, hardware access and reliable run-time error handling. In support of large-scale software engineering, it emphasises strong typing, data abstraction and encapsulation. The type system uses name equivalence and includes both subtypes and derived types. Both fixed and floating-point numerical types are supported.

Control flow is fully bracketed: if-then-elsif-end if, case-is-when-end case, loop-exit-end loop, goto. Subprogram parameters are in, out, or inout. Variables imported from other packages may be hidden or directly visible. Operators may be overloaded and so may enumeration literals. There are user-defined exceptions and exception handlers.

An Ada program consists of a set of packages encapsulating data objects and their related operations. A package has a separately compilable body and interface. Ada permits generic packages and subroutines, possibly parametrised.

Ada support single inheritance, using "tagged types" which are types that can be extended via inheritance.

Ada programming places a heavy emphasis on multitasking. Tasks are synchronised by the rendezvous, in which a task waits for one of its subroutines to be executed by another. The conditional entry makes it possible for a task to test whether an entry is ready. The selective wait waits for either of two entries or waits for a limited time.

Ada is often criticised, especially for its size and complexity, and this is attributed to its having been designed by committee. In fact, both Ada 83 and Ada 95 were designed by small design teams to be internally consistent and tightly integrated. By contrast, two possible competitors, Fortran 90 and C++ have both become products designed by large and disparate volunteer committees.

See also Ada/Ed, Toy/Ada.

Home of the Brave Ada Programmers. Ada FAQs (hypertext), text only.,,

E-mail: <>.

Usenet newsgroup: news:comp.lang.ada.

An Ada grammar including a lex scanner and yacc parser is available. E-mail: <>.

Another yacc grammar and parser for Ada by Herman Fischer.

An LR parser and pretty-printer for Ada from NASA is available from the Ada Software Repository.

Adamakegen generates makefiles for Ada programs.

["Reference Manual for the Ada Programming Language", ANSI/MIL STD 1815A, US DoD (Jan 1983)]. Earlier draft versions appeared in July 1980 and July 1982. ISO 1987.


A high-level programming language developed by the U.S. Department of Defense along with the European Economic Community and many other organizations. It was designed for embedded applications and process control but is also used for logistics applications. Ada is a Pascal-based language that is very comprehensive.

Named After a Countess
Ada was named after Augusta Ada Byron (1815-1852), Countess of Lovelace and daughter of the poet Lord Byron and mathematician Annabella Milbanke Byron. Ada also became a mathematician and was the colleague of Charles Babbage, who was developing his Analytical Engine. Some of her programming notes for the machine have survived, giving her the distinction of being the first documented programmer in the world.

The following Ada program converts Fahrenheit to Celsius:

 with Text_IO;
 procedure Convert is
 package Int_IO is new Text_IO.Integer_IO(Integer);
 Fahrenheit : Integer;
  Text_IO.Put_Line("Enter Fahrenheit");
  Text_IO.Put("Celsius is ");
  Int_IO.Put((Fahrenheit-32) * 5 / 9);
 end Convert;
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Of the sixty-four song-cycles featured, two were used for 'Alam wa-Ta adir: one from "The Sane and the Insane" (pp.
Acquisition of a portfolio would be contingent on its quality, its synergies with ADIR's portfolio and on its acceptance by ADIR's primary reinsurers, and also necessitate a due diligence process on the technical side as well as an assessment of human resources that might be taken over together with the portfolio, Sfeir adds.
E, em consequencia disso, ela foi a primeira aluna de Adir Botelho.
The FM provider also services a number of insurance companies, such as Adir and Arope, and it manages a number of operations of Total, the French petrochemical firm.
He will participate next week in Washington Tournament, one of the biggest tournaments organized by the US Tennis Association for juniors, and in case of winning its title, he will add 750 points for his qualification to participate in the Grand National Championship, Adir International Championship , and International Orange Paul Tournament.
There is a strong link between marketing and design management which mentioned Gorb [7] and also Melewar, Dennis, Kent [13], and Adir & Pascu [2] presents in their paper the importance of a logo as a graphic element to support a corporate identity.
The book begins when Adira -- whose mother died in childbirth and whose father, a trader and caravan master, raised her as a boy named Adir -- can no longer continue masking herself.
A revista Manchete, que cobriu o velorio e enterro, publicou no dia 04 de abril de 1971 a reportagem que tinha como titulo "Funeral para um rei negro", texto de Marco Aurelio Borba e fotos de Adir Mera (BORBA, 1971).
Nos horarios de maior intensidade luminosa, entre 11h e 13h, o excesso de energia luminosa promove um estado de estresse fotossintetico denominado de fotoinibicao (ADIR et al., 2003).