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(both: ä`dəwä), Ital. Adua, town (1994 pop. 24,519), Tigray region, N Ethiopia. Lying on the highway between Aksum and Adigrat, Adwa is an agricultural trade center. Adwa was the most important commercial center of Tigray in the 19th cent., but declined in the 1870s as a result of the dislocation caused by the fighting between Ethiopia and Egypt. In 1896, Adwa was the site of the battle in which Menelik IIMenelik II
, 1844–1913, emperor of Ethiopia after 1889. He was originally ras (ruler) of Shoa (central Ethiopia). After the death (1868) of Emperor Tewodros II, Menelik, with Italian support, gained strength steadily. He seized the throne after Emperor Johannes IV died.
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 decisively defeated Italian invaders and forced them out of Ethiopia.


See R. Jonas, The Battle of Adwa (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
This conviction was strengthened by the fact that this victory in Adwa was achieved a mere 11 years after the signing by the imperialist powers of the infamous Treaty of Berlin on February 26, 1885, at the Berlin Conference, with its arrogant entrenchment of the system of colonialism in Africa.
A look into the genesis of the Italo-Ethiopian War allows the assertion that the roots of the Battle of Adwa lie, at least, down to the triangular relations between Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia, who was politically based in Tigray; King Menelik II of Showa, who was known for being ambitious and ingenious; and the Italian government which wanted to colonize Ethiopia.
In the Battle of Adwa in 1896, the Italian forces met defeat at the hands of the Ethiopians defending their homeland.
Using a rich assortment of historical materials, "Adwa: An African Victory" describes the 1896 baffle of Adwa, in which Ethiopians defeated the invading, better-equipped Italian army.
ETHIOPIA, 1994 In Adwa, women and children (right) wait for hours each day to grind cereal for bread.
It gives older, uneducated women a sense of achievement," explains Faika Sharif, ADWA spokeswoman and a graduate in mass communications.
Dubai: Dr Muna Adwa, Specialist - Psychiatry at the Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, defines claustrophobia as "a fear of closed spaces, especially small spaces such as elevators, tunnels, small rooms, even aircraft, from which the individual feels there is no escape.
The attack happened on 26 May, when an unidentified gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Coptic citizens on their way from Beni Suef to Saint Samuel Monastery in El Adwa City, Minya.
LULWA SHALHOUB / SPECIAL TO ARAB NEWS Adwa Al-Dakheel, CEO of Direct Influence, at the 'Youth in Business' panel discussion at the Saudi-US CEO Forum in Riyadh Saturday.
Tenders are invited for Renewal of PC with SR Adwa Manigada to Fuliyari link road (VR) in km 1 to 6
Ethiopia was saved only by its glorious Victory of the Battle of Adwa against the Italian colonial invaders of Africa.