Alfred the Great

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Alfred the Great

849--99, king of Wessex (871--99) and overlord of England, who defeated the Danes and encouraged learning and writing in English

Alfred the Great

 

Born circa 849; died circa 900. King of Wessex from 871.

Under Alfred the Great, the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were consolidated around Wessex, the army was reorganized, a considerable fleet was built, and a number of fortresses were erected. As a result of the stubborn struggle against the Danes, Alfred the Great acquired authority over southwestern England about 886. The code of law that was compiled under him was the first all-English collection of laws. Making use of earlier Anglo-Saxon laws, Alfred the Great incorporated into them new decrees specifically designed to strengthen the relations of the vassalage and large land-holdings. Under Alfred measures were taken to develop education and culture. The beginning of the compilation of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is usually attributed to the time of Alfred the Great.

REFERENCES

Plummer, C. The Life and Times of Alfred the Great. Oxford, 1902.
Duckett, E. S. Alfred the Great and His England. London, 1957.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eodem anno AElfred, Angulsaxonum rex, post incendia urbium stragesque populorum, Lundoniam civitatem honorifice restauravit et habitabilem fecit; quam [genere suo] AEtheredo, Merciorum comiti, commendavit servandam.
Microstar's technology expertise includes the development of XML and SGML tools such as Near & Far Designer, FastTAG and the Aelfred XML parser.
and analogous forms are also common in Beowulf (2a), in the pure West Saxon dialect of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (2b) and in King AElfred (2c):
Oliver gives a list of these potentially archaic syntactic features in the conclusion of her study: (1) While in AEthelberht the mood of the verb in the subordinate clause (or protasis) is regularly indicative, in AElfred's code the mood is subjunctive; (2) The position of the verb in the main clause (or apodosis) is consistently final in AEthelberht, and always initial in the laws of AElfred; (3) A pronoun in a subordinate clause of AEthelberht tends not to be reiterated in the main clause, as it is in AElfredian legislation; (4) The auxiliary verb of the passive is almost always weordan in AEthelberht, but beon in AElfred.