bacillus

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bacillus

(bəsĭl`əs), any rod-shaped bacterium or, more particularly, a rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Bacillus. Some bacterium in the genus cause disease, for example B. anthracis is the cause of anthraxanthrax
, acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.
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; others are useful in the production of antibioticsantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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 (e.g., gramicidingramicidin
, antibiotic obtained from the bacterial species Bacillus brevis, which is found in soil. Gramicidin is particularly effective against gram-positive bacteria (see Gram's stain).
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 and bacitracinbacitracin
, antibiotic produced by a strain of the bacterial species Bacillus subtilis. It is widely used for topical therapy such as for skin and eye infections; it is effective against gram-positive bacteria, including strains of staphylococcus that are resistant to
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). Many organisms earlier classified as Bacillus species are now placed in different genera but continue to be referred to as baccili.

bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
Any rod-shaped bacterium.

Bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Bacillaceae; rod-shaped cells are aerobes or facultative anaerobes and usually produce catalase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Brooks--4 EMS, 4 FW, Seymour Johnson AFB NC (April 2017)
Fresh tissue, if available, was sent to a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act-certified commercial vendor for AFB PCR.
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330th Aircraft Sustainment Wing at Robins AFB, covering the period from May 2, 2006, to May 1, 2008.
Lucretia Sanchez, Air Mobility Command Headquarters, Scott AFB, IL
Proponents of moving Los Angeles AFB to the Air Force Space Command in Colorado Springs say it's a perfect match that could save taxpayers tens of millions of dollars a year.
Duration of the lesion was available for 113 cases; 70 were positive for AFB, 35 were negative, and 8 had other diagnoses.
Capt Harrison Garlick--433 WPS, 57 WG, Nellis AFB NV (March 2016)
Dennis, Jeannette, GS-12; AFMC/FMAP--Wright-Patterson AFB
19th Air Force (flying training), Randolph AFB, Texas
Scott AFB provides the best balance of supply chain knowledge and operational focus," Baker said.