Akko


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Akko

(ăk`ō) or

Acre

(ā`kər, ä`–), Fr. Saint-Jean d'Acre, Arab. Acca, city (1994 pop. 45,300), NW Israel, a port on the Bay of Haifa (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea). Its manufactures include iron and steel, chemicals, and textiles. The city was captured (A.D. 638) by the Arabs, who developed its natural harbor. In 1104 it was captured in the First Crusade and was held by Christians until 1187, when it was taken by Saladin. In the Third Crusade it was won back (1191) by Guy of Lusignan, Richard I of England, and Philip II of France, who gave it to the Knights Hospitalers (the Knights of St. John, hence its French name). For the next century it was the center of the Christian possessions in the Holy Land. Its surrender and virtual destruction by the Saracens in 1291 marked the decline of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Crusades. Akko was taken by the Ottoman Turks in 1517 and was revived in the late 18th cent. under Dahir al-Umar, the local Ottoman ruler. In 1799, Ottoman forces, with the aid of Great Britain, withstood a 61-day siege by Napoleon I. The city was taken in 1832 by Ibrahim Pasha for Muhammad Ali of Egypt, but European and Ottoman forces won it back for the Ottoman Empire in 1840. British troops captured the city in 1918. Akko was assigned to the Arabs in the 1948 partition of Palestine, but it was captured by Israeli forces in the Arab-Israeli war of that year. By the 1990s its population was about three fourths Jewish and one fourth Arab. The city is a popular tourist site. Landmarks include an ancient citadel, walled fortifications, the al-Jazzar mosque, and several churches dating from the Crusades.
References in periodicals archive ?
During some of these periods, there existed in Akko a small Jewish community, but it never was a Jewish town.
Israeli police earlier had raised their alert after two days of clashes in Akko during the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur.Police said they were prepared in case the violence spread to other parts of the country.Five hundred officers had been sent to assist the 200-strong local force.Unrest erupted on Wednesday when an Arab motorist drove into a neighbourhood where Arabs and Jews live, playing his car stereo loudly as ceremonies marking Yom Kippur were under way, Rosenfeld said.
According to Ibrahim Ali, the Electoral Officer for Akko Local Government Area, 'We have received full compliments of election materials, everything is under control and our security are ready and armed to their teeth'.
We are coming to occupy Haifa and Akko. We'll have armies from all around the world, and the convoys arriving in Gaza are carrying a message to our people, saying that we must stick to the path of jihad.
He said the suspects were arrested in Akko, Billiri, Gombe and Kaltungo Local Government Areas and four of them were charged to court while six were referred for counselling.
The PA TV host refers to cities in Israel alternately as "1948 occupied cities," "occupied cities" or "occupied territories." The Israeli cities described as Palestinian cities include Haifa, Yafo (Jaffa), Akko (Acre), all of which are located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, and Lod and Ramle, located near Ben Gurion Airport.
Principal battles: siege of Mainz, Le Mans, Chavenay (1793), Fleurus, siege of Maastricht (1794), siege of El `Arish, Jaffa (Yafo), siege of Acre (Akko), Mount Tabor (near Mazerat) (1799), Heliopolis (Masr el Gedida) (1800).
AS oil and gas prospecting in the Kolmani River II well of the Benue Trough in the Upper Benue basin was officially flagged off over the weekend by President Muhammadu Buhari, Communities of Barambu Village in Akko and Alkaleri Local Government Areas of Gombe and Bauchi State respectively have demanded from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), to as a matter of necessity pay them compensation for their lands taken for the exploration having been denied their sources of livelihood.
A broadcast that was repeated twice last week called on Israelis to "return" to Europe and Ethiopia, so that PA Arabs can "return" to Israeli cities such as Akko (Acre), Haifa and Jerusalem.
The one time National Secretary of the defunct All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) and former Special Advisor to Late President Umaru Musa Yar'adua said that he will soon pick his membership card of the APC in his ward in Akko local Government Area to prove to the World that he means business.
Defense Deputy Minister Matan Vilnai participated Wednesday morning in a re= adiness exercise for an earthquake scenario in Akko (Acre).
NOT fewer than 1,429 National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) members posted to Borno, Yobe and Gombe States are to undergo the mandatory three weeks orientation camp at the Amada NYSC Temporary Orientation Camp in Akko LGA of Gombe State.