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ani (äˈnē), bird: see cuckoo.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a castle and fort of medieval Armenia, on the right bank of the Akhurian (Arpachai) River; in Kars Vilayet in Turkey. In the fifth to eighth centuries it was the possession of the Kamsarakan princes and later of the Bagratids, under whom Ani became the capital of the Ani kingdom (from 961). In the tenth to 13th centuries, Ani was the largest economic, political, and cultural center of Armenia. It was seized in 1045 by Byzantium and in 1064 by the Seljuks, who laid waste to it. In 1199, together with a part of northern Armenia, Ani became part of the Georgian kingdom. Around the turn of the 13th century it underwent a renewed flowering. In 1236 it was taken by the Mongols and destroyed; from the 14th century it lost its significance. In the 16th century Ani is mentioned as a village. In 1878 it was annexed to Russia, and after World War I it passed to Turkey.

Ruins of Ani, which was one of the most important centers of Armenian architecture of the tenth to 14th centuries, have been preserved. The ruins of a palace, hotels, cathedrals, and other constructions and of city blocks were discovered during excavations in 1892–93 and 1904–16. Among the valuable monuments were remains of thick fort walls with towers (989), which had been repeatedly built up and fortified during the 11th to 13th centuries; a magnificent cathedral (989–1001; with a cupola-type, three-aisled basilica) and the circular, tiered Church of Gregory (Gagikashen; 1001–10), built by the architect Trdat; the exquisite multiapse concentric Church of Abugamrents (the Church of Gregory; second half of the tenth century), the Church of the Savior (1036), and the Church of the Shepherdess (11th century [?]); the Cathedral of Ripsime of the Devichii Monastery (13th century); the Church of Tigran Onents (1215) of the type of a cupola hall with carved ornamentation and frescoes; the gavit (church entrance) of the Church of the Apostles (13th century), with a flat stone mosaic ceiling; and the palace of the paron (12th-13th centuries). A unique round statue of King Gagik I, holding a model of the church (the model was not preserved), was found in the Gagikashen Church.


Marr, N. Ia. Ani: Knizhnaia istoriia goroda i raskopki na meste gorodishcha. Leningrad-Moscow, 1934.
Arutiunian, V. Gorod Ani. Yerevan, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(1) See animated cursor.

(2) (Automatic Number Identification) A telephone service that transmits the billing number (BN) and the telephone number of the incoming call. ANI identifies the calling party for toll call billing and enables the call to be routed to the appropriate long distance service provider. ISDN supports ANI by carrying the calling telephone number in the D channel. ACD systems use the billing number to query a database and retrieve the customer's records. See Caller ID, ACD and CNAM.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In societatea de astazi, accesul la informatie este mult mai liber, iar o persoana de 16 sau 17 ani poate fi considerata mult mai matura.
Ani started toying with the idea of videoconferencing among neighborhood kids in need of homework help.
The ANI group, which is headquartered in Trelleborg/Sweden, employs 960 people worldwide and had sales in 2003 of 231 million [euro].
A standardized abdominal exam was performed on all patients that included a single-digit intravaginal palpation of the levator ani and piriformis muscles, and either a Kegel contraction to identify the levators or an external hip rotation to identify the piriformis.
Look at New Jersey, which has ANI without blocking.
'Specifically, Sinochem has committed to purchase for the next three years tropical fruits from the Philippines sold through ANI's contract growers,' he said.
It will be recalled that last month, ANI disclosed that the National Food Authority (NFA) has granted 'original proponent status' to its unsolicited joint venture proposal for the financing and purchase of imported rice to help augment the country's buffer stock.
In a regulatory filing, ANI said it was recognized by the NFA as an original proponent for a public-private partnership project that aims to supply rice to beef up the agency's inventory.
Ani is 20 years old now, but I remember her first days of school.
Ani and her sister, Collette, help run the family tourist shop, Saint Souvenirs.
"Ani had harbored the idea that when she left for college she could make herself into a new person." But Ani can't escape her heritage, nor, in the end, does she want to.
Summary: New Delhi [India], June 21 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi will hold a meeting with top economists to review the macroeconomic situation of the country on Saturday, a government official told ANI.