(80.) Gerald Hensley, "Will New Zealand Ever Rejoin ANZUS
?," Policy 19, no.
A robust and invigorated ANZUS
treaty alliance relationship--combined with greater capacity for the Australian Defence Force (ADF) in helping to police and enforce a rule-based maritime commons in parts of the Indo-Pacific--will increase confidence that one key alliance pillar of the San Francisco system is strong.
has no integrated defense structure or dedicated forces.
He writes that the most significant bilateral security alliances are those "embedded in the so-called 'San Francisco System.'" Specifically he mentions the alliances with Japan, ANZUS
, and the Philippines, and the separate alliances with South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand.
Not limited to ANZUS
and NATO, the search for a light attack capability extended to Morocco, Pakistan, and Singapore, which faced unique security challenges that put a premium on endurance, flexibility, and ease of operations.
All three gave short speeches--all this on television and coast-to-coast radio--before they got down to the purpose of the gathering, the conclusion of the Pacific Security (ANZUS
alliance under ANZUS
is "very important" 37 percent or "fairly important" 42 percent to Australia's security.
Within hours, Howard had unilaterally invoked the trilateral ANZUS
security treaty, immediately offering military and political support.
Indeed, Australia was sending mixed signals to both Beijing and Washington about its commitment to the ANZUS
alliance in a Taiwan contingency, and the Australian press commented extensively on the issue throughout the summer of 2004.
Defense cooperation, including training exercises, has been significantly restricted since 1986 due to Wellington's ongoing policy of barring nuclear-armed or nuclear-powered warships from its ports, which led to its suspension from the regional security alliance with the United States and Australia -- ANZUS
Only a matter of days after September 11, Prime Minister John Howard invoked the Australia-New Zealand-United States (ANZUS
) treaty for the first time in its history to come to the assistance of America.
In Australia, Foreign Minister Alexander Downer said his government would consult with the US, as required by the 54-year-old ANZUS
treaty, if a Chinese attack on Taiwan triggered an American military response.