Otitis

(redirected from AOM)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

otitis

[ō′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the ear.

Otitis

 

inflammation of the external, middle, or internal ear.

Otitis externa affects the skin of the auricle and external auditory meatus and proceeds with the formation of furuncles and eczema, as in other skin inflammations.

Otitis media may be acute or chronic. The acute form results from the penetration of microbes into the middle ear from the nose and nasopharynx in influenza and other infectious diseases. It occurs more often in children than in adults, because children are more susceptible to colds and adenoids. The symptoms are shooting pains in the ear, loss of hearing, elevated temperature, and suppurative discharges from the ear that often appear in the first day and sometimes even the first hours of the disease. In infants, acute otitis media causes restlessness and insomnia. The baby cries, turns its head, holds the affected ear with its hand, and refuses the breast because pain in the ear intensifies with swallowing. The inflammation is treated by tamponade with an alcoholic solution of boric acid or some other antiseptic; in some cases the tympanic membrane is punctured by paracentesis. In most cases, recovery is possible with prompt treatment. However, if the body is debilitated and other conditions are unfavorable, the disease may become chronic, in which case pus is discharged from the ear, and hearing is permanently impaired. Inflammation of the internal ear and meningitis—inflammation of the brain membranes—are possible complications.

Inflammation of the internal ear—labyrinthitis, or otitis interna—arises not only with otitis media but often in children with epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. When labyrinthitis is diffuse, all or almost all the endings of the acoustic nerve in the internal ear die, and complete or almost complete deafness results. With localized labyrinthitis hearing is partly preserved. Labyrinthitis is treated with antibiotics and surgery of the temporal bone.

REFERENCE

Temkin, Ia. S. Ostryi otit i ego oslozhneniia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.

L. V. NEIMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Because of recurrent AOM or persistent otitis media with effusion, about 15% of children in the United States receive tympanostomy tubes.
We also report for the first time that exposure to the NSAID sulindac can reverse the increased instability that was caused by AOM in Msh2-KO mice.
To assess the impact of AOM episodes on the QoL of parents/caregiver, parents were asked to complete a questionnaire within 14 days after the child was diagnosed with AOM.
Nagabhushanam et al., "Pterostilbene is more potent than resveratrol in preventing azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon tumorigenesis via activation of the NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-mediated antioxidant signaling pathway," Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
The researchers designed this study to identify treatment patterns documented in children who were diagnosed with AOM within an academic medical center.
pneumoniae, an important pathogen causing AOM and ABRS, resistance to [beta]-lactam antibiotics can be overcome by increasing antibiotic dosage.
The difference between the 25(OH)D levels in the AOM and control groups was statistically significant (Table).
When samples of the middle ear fluid are taken from a child diagnosed with AOM and sent for bacterial culture, it's not uncommon (about 30%) to find that they don't grow anything.
influenzae, associated with AOM, after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is thus unjustifiable.
In the present report we evaluated the effect of blueberry juice (BJ) (from Vaccinium corymbosum L.) on the damage induced by AOM in the colon of mouse.
AOM: Foi solicitado que o voluntario realizasse a abertura da boca no limite indolor e considerada a distancia interincisiva maxima, tendo-se como referencia a borda incisal dos incisivos superior e inferior direito, acrescida da medida do trespasse vertical [13];
"The most important change from 2004 is the working definition of AOM. The appearance of the tympanic membrane [TM] is the key to an accurate diagnosis," said Dr.