(135) The firm concluded that some of the industries that were targeted significantly more than others were at least four out of the seven strategic emerging industries contained within China's 12th Five Year Plan, which was an initiative by the Chinese government to boost its economy by encouraging domestic consumerism, increasing the quality of manufacturing, and providing governmental support for these "strategic emerging industries." (136) However, it is evident from Mandiant's findings that the goals of APTl's cyber espionage campaign closely paralleled China's economic goals that were proclaimed in March 2011, which further suggests that APT1
is Unit 61398, and its efforts were a state sponsored cyber attack.
"We believe that APT1
is able to wage such a long-running and extensive cyber espionage campaign in large part because it receives direct government support," Mandiant said.
: Exposing One of China's Cyber Espionage Units (Alexandria, VA: Mandiant, February 2013), 2, 3, 4, 9, 21-23, http://intelreport.mandiant.com/Mandiant_APT1_Report.pdf.
information security company, issued a report documenting extensive economic cyber espionage by a Chinese unit (which it designated as APT1
) with alleged links to the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) against 141 firms, covering 20 industries, since 2006.
: Exposing One of China's Cyber Espionage Units (Washington: Mandiant, 2013), http://intelreport.mandiant.com/?gclid=CMj66brt4bkCFTFo7Aodtx0A2A.
(126) Mandiant, "APT1
: Exposing One of China's Cyber Espionage Units," February 18, 2013; Danny Yadron and Siobhan Gorman, "U.S., Firms Draw a Bead on Chinese Cyberspies," Wall Street Journal, July 12, 2013.
Our analysis has led us to conclude that APT1
is likely government-sponsored and one of the most persistent of China's cyber threat actors." The Mandiant report on APT 1 highlights only one of more than 20 APT groups based in China, tracking this single group to cyber attacks on nearly 150 victims over seven years with hundreds of terabytes of data exfiltrated.