failure

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failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ARF leadership's expectations on the role of the ARF-EEPs were relatively clear from its inception.
In total, 64 patients with CV-related ARF and 68 patients with non--CV-related ARF died during 90-day follow-up, and mortality rates were comparable between CV- vs non--CV-related ARF: 31% vs 24%, P = 0.
The true incidence of ARF in the community is available only from limited geographical zones.
In studies conducted in countries where the disease occurs with a high frequency, aseptic monoarthritis has been reported up to a rate of 17% in patients with ARF (16).
Moreover, with the establishment of the leaders-led East Asia Summit, as well as the ASEAN Defence Ministers' Meeting and its plus mechanism, the mandate of the ARF seems to be less clear.
A total of 95 patients (58 males and 37 females) with suspected ARF were enrolled during this period 77 patients (81%) had definite ARF and 18 patients (18.
1 day (range: 1 to 27 days) was performed in 8 patients developing ARF following chemotherapy (n:6), poisoning (n:1) and sepsis (n:1); 4 (50%) of these patients died during follow-up.
The ARF is the only regional security dialogue forum usually attended by North Korea's foreign minister, according to the Japanese Foreign Ministry, and includes all member countries of the six-party talks.
Occurrence of ARF in severe falciparum malaria is quite common in southeast Asia and Indian subcontinent where intensity of malaria transmission is usually low with occasional microfoci of intense transmission.
Much of the care for CKD and ESRD is provided in the outpatient setting; however, the number of hospitalizations for ARF and chronic kidney failure (CKF) is substantial.
In one study, the researchers analyzed 60-day mortality and ARF risk in 219 consecutive patients who came to the hospital for heart failure, including 71 who were given nesiritide.
In a small, completed study, the researchers analyzed 60-day mortality and ARF risk in 219 consecutive patients who came to the hospital for HF, including 71 who were given nesiritide.