aardwolf

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Related to Aardwolves: Proteles cristata

aardwolf

(ärd`wo͝olf), carnivore of the hyenahyena
, carnivorous, chiefly nocturnal mammal of the Old World family Hyaenidae. Although doglike in appearance, hyenas are more closely related to civets (family Viverridae) and cats (family Felidae) than to dogs (family Canidae).
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 family. The aardwolf, Proteles cristatus, resembles the true hyena but is smaller and more delicate. It has less powerful teeth and jaws and five instead of four toes on its forepaws. The coat of the aardwolf is yellow-white with dark stripes; a ridge of hair extends down its sloping back. It is a nocturnal, burrowing animal, inhabiting sandy plain and scrub from South Africa to Angola and Somaliland. A shy animal, it feeds on small animals and insects, especially termites, and defends itself by emitting a foul-smelling fluid from anal scent glands. A litter may include as many as six cubs, but two to four is typical; gestation is around 59–61 days. Aardwolves are solitary, but several females with cubs may share a burrow. In captivity they have been known to live as long as 13 years. Aardwolves are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Hyaenidae.

Aardwolf

 

(Proteles cristatus), a predatory mammal of family Hyaenidae. The fur is light yellow-gray; there are six or seven transverse black stripes on the sides of the body and several transverse stripes on the legs. The fur is longer on the crest and forms a mane. The body is about 80 cm long, the tail is bushy (to 30 cm long), and the height at the withers reaches 50 cm. The canine teeth are well developed and the molars are simplified.

The aardwolf is found in South Africa. It inhabits open places in packs of five or six. It usually lives in earth burrows. The aardwolf feeds primarily on termites and other insects but also on murine rodents and small birds. It reproduces in November and December; each litter contains two to four young. [9–1481–1)

aardwolf

[′ärd‚wu̇lf]
(vertebrate zoology)
Proteles cristatus. A hyenalike African mammal of the family Hyaenidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
5 kJ/d for aardwolves in summer, and 2086 kJ/d in winter, values that deviated from our DLW estimates by -18.
The percentage of time spent by aardwolves in foraging at various distances from the mounds of Trinervitermes.
During summer (November-January), aardwolves that averaged 7768 g in body mass had a C[O.
3 kJ/d for aardwolves in summer (mean body mass = 7768 g), whereas for these animals in winter (mean body mass = 8543 g), it yielded a value of 5265.
We have found it problematical to compare the water flux of aardwolves with allometric equations in the literature because conclusions vary depending on the equation one chooses.
Compartmentalization of the energy budget of aardwolves emphasizes major shifts in patterns of their energy allocation between seasons.
An independent assessment of termite consumption, for the summer months when aardwolves typically feed almost exclusively on Trinervitermes, can be made with the following equation:
8% of this intake were workers, or 168 613 individuals, then from workers aardwolves would obtain 467.
Thus, from this equation, aardwolves consume an average of 8381 termites per winter night, or 5867 Hodotermes and 2515 Trinervitermes, which provide 239 mL and 6.