Abadzekhs

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Abadzekhs

 

formerly one of the major Adyg tribes, now an ethnographic Adygeian group who live in the aul (village) of Shovgenovskii, Shovgenovskii Raion, Adygei Autonomous Oblast. They speak Abadzekh, a dialect which is being gradually supplanted by the literary Adygei language. Abadzekh believers are Sunnites. Their basic occupations are agriculture, animal husbandry, and horticulture.

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To call the emigrants simply Circassians is misleading, as in the final years of the war in the region only three groups received the collective right to emigrate: the Ubykh, the Shapsug, and the Abadzekh. All other Circassian communities had already signed treaties with the Russian administration, even if they subsequently broke those agreements, and therefore the administration did not offer them what it saw as the privilege of leaving Russian territory en masse.