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a city in Tashtyp Raion, Khakass Autonomous Oblast, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR, situated in an intermontane hollow on the upper Abakan River. It is connected to the Novokuznetsk-Abakan railroad by a branch line through the Askiz station and to the city of Ak-Dovurak, Tuva ASSR, by a highway. Its population was 15,900 in 1968. Abaza began as a settlement around an iron ore treatment plant in 1956 and became a city ten years later. It has an ore-concentration factory. The ore is shipped to Novokuznetsk metallurgical enterprises.



the language of the Abaza people, belongs to the northwest (Abkhazo-Adyg) group of Caucasian (Iberio-Caucasian) languages. Spoken mainly in the Karachaevo-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast. Roughly 20,000 people speak it. The principal vowels in the Abaza language are two: a and y. On the basis of the assimilation and fusion of a and y with semivowels, the vowels e, o, i, u, and so on may form. The system of consonants is highly complicated. Abaza has two dialects, Tapanta and Ashkhar.

The language exhibits a developed synthetic structure. The predicate can simultaneously include two or more personal and class prefixes, place-indicating prefixes, and so on, as well as suffixes expressing different shadings of an action or state. The sentence order is subject, direct object, predicate. The sequence of personal and class prefixes in the predicate varies depending on whether the verb is transitive or intransitive. The verb exhibits a complicated system of tenses and moods and a considerable number of prefix grammatical categories, shaped by prefixes such as causative and conjunctive. Personal pronouns and personal pronominal prefixes are usually divided into three classes—masculine, feminine, and natural objects or phenomena—and sometimes into two classes—humans and objects, and natural phenomena. Nouns exhibit definite, indefinite, and singular forms. Despite the absence of cases expressing syntactical relations—for example, nominative, ergative, or dative—there are rudiments of distinct case forms. The function of subordinate clauses is usually fulfilled by participles, verbal adverbs, and other infinitive formations of the verb. Writing in the Abaza language began in 1932 on the basis of a Latin alphabet, which was converted in 1938 to Russian characters.


Genko, A. N. Abazinskii iazyk: Grammaticheskii ocherk narechiia tapanta. Moscow, 1955.
Lomtatidze, K. V. Abazinskii iazyk. In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 4.
Iberiisko-kakazskie iazyki. Moscow, 1967.
Serdiuchenko, G. P. Iazyk abazin. Moscow, 1955.
Russko-abazinskii slovar’. Moscow, 1956.
Adzinov, N. Abazinsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
According to sources, Moussa, Abaza and Abdel Nour have agreed to support candidate Abu Shoka for the chairmanship of the party.
Women's junior table tennis team won a bronze medal, while Abdullah Ajaj and Hind Abaza won a bronze medal in the single competition for male and female.
Four Seasons Resort Sharm El Sheikh has appointed Hatem Abaza as the new director of sales and marketing.
Hatem Abaza has been appointed the director of sales and marketing at the Four Seasons Resort Sharm El Sheikh.
Rayad Abaza risks angry construction workers to sneak in a sick crail.
The agency has referred the Abaza Auto company to the Egyptian Tax Authority over charges of tax evasion, he added.
The second reason, Abaza said, was to get people's attention.
This weeks film is A Touch of Fear (1969), based on a novella of the same name byEgyptian "Knight of the Arabic Novel" Tharwat Abaza.
Nasser Bin Khaled (NBK) Automobiles, the exclusive distributor of Mercedes-Benz branded vehicles in Qatar, has signed a deal with contractor Abaza Group for Trading & Contracting for the supply of 40 Actros trucks for a variety of construction and haulage purposes.
NBK Automobiles will supply Abaza Group for Trading & Contracting with 40 Actros trucks that will help them fulfill various construction and trading works.
She starred with many famous actors, such as Abdel Halim Hafez, Kamal El Chenawi, Ahmad Mazhar, Rushdy Abaza and Hussein Fahmy.