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a city in Tashtyp Raion, Khakass Autonomous Oblast, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR, situated in an intermontane hollow on the upper Abakan River. It is connected to the Novokuznetsk-Abakan railroad by a branch line through the Askiz station and to the city of Ak-Dovurak, Tuva ASSR, by a highway. Its population was 15,900 in 1968. Abaza began as a settlement around an iron ore treatment plant in 1956 and became a city ten years later. It has an ore-concentration factory. The ore is shipped to Novokuznetsk metallurgical enterprises.



the language of the Abaza people, belongs to the northwest (Abkhazo-Adyg) group of Caucasian (Iberio-Caucasian) languages. Spoken mainly in the Karachaevo-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast. Roughly 20,000 people speak it. The principal vowels in the Abaza language are two: a and y. On the basis of the assimilation and fusion of a and y with semivowels, the vowels e, o, i, u, and so on may form. The system of consonants is highly complicated. Abaza has two dialects, Tapanta and Ashkhar.

The language exhibits a developed synthetic structure. The predicate can simultaneously include two or more personal and class prefixes, place-indicating prefixes, and so on, as well as suffixes expressing different shadings of an action or state. The sentence order is subject, direct object, predicate. The sequence of personal and class prefixes in the predicate varies depending on whether the verb is transitive or intransitive. The verb exhibits a complicated system of tenses and moods and a considerable number of prefix grammatical categories, shaped by prefixes such as causative and conjunctive. Personal pronouns and personal pronominal prefixes are usually divided into three classes—masculine, feminine, and natural objects or phenomena—and sometimes into two classes—humans and objects, and natural phenomena. Nouns exhibit definite, indefinite, and singular forms. Despite the absence of cases expressing syntactical relations—for example, nominative, ergative, or dative—there are rudiments of distinct case forms. The function of subordinate clauses is usually fulfilled by participles, verbal adverbs, and other infinitive formations of the verb. Writing in the Abaza language began in 1932 on the basis of a Latin alphabet, which was converted in 1938 to Russian characters.


Genko, A. N. Abazinskii iazyk: Grammaticheskii ocherk narechiia tapanta. Moscow, 1955.
Lomtatidze, K. V. Abazinskii iazyk. In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 4.
Iberiisko-kakazskie iazyki. Moscow, 1967.
Serdiuchenko, G. P. Iazyk abazin. Moscow, 1955.
Russko-abazinskii slovar’. Moscow, 1956.
Adzinov, N. Abazinsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1967.


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For his part, Director of Martyr Mamdouh Abaza Hospital in Quneitra Dr.
Director of the Martyr Mahmoud Abaza Hospital in al-Quneitra, Dr.
Amine Abaza a indique que des organes ministeriels ad hoc ont decide d'accroEtre la quantite de boeufs et de viandes congelees importes.
She appeared in works starring top actors of the time including Emad Hamdi; Rushdi Abaza Salah Zulfakar, Chadia, Ahmad Mazhar, Saud Husny, Hend Rostum and Mahmoud Yassin.
Nasser Bin Khaled (NBK) Automobiles, the exclusive distributor of Mercedes-Benz branded vehicles in Qatar, has entered into an agreement with Abaza Group for Trading & Contracting, one of the leading contracting companies in Qatar, for the supply of a range of Mercedes-Benz branded trucks.
We are pleased to partner with Abaza Group for Trading & Contracting, and look forward to supporting their ambitions and building a long-lasting relationship," said Khalid Shaaban, GM of NBK Automobiles, ostensibly the leading provider of commercial trucks in Qatar.
The exhibition included prominent companies such as El-Laithy Import & Export, El-Masria for Cars, Abaza Auto, El-Laithy Auto Group, Tawfik Mohamed Auto Co.
Amine Abaza a egalement fait savoir que le plan de travail dont il est question est constituee de 9 principaux programmes comportant le montage de 25 grands projets nationaux et 90 projets de moindre importance.
The General Secretariat of Quneitra Governorate organized last May a blood drive at Mamdouh Abaza Hospital in al-Baath city in support of injured Syrian Arab Army personnel.
OhioHealth urologic robotic surgeon Ronney Abaza, MD, is a pioneer in the use of this technology.
She starred with many famous actors, such as Abdel Halim Hafez, Kamal El Chenawi, Ahmad Mazhar, Rushdy Abaza and Hussein Fahmy.