Abbas II

Abbas II

(Abbas Hilmi) (äbäs` hĭl`mĭ, ăbäs`, ăb`əs), 1874–1944, last khedive of Egypt (1892–1914); son and successor of Tewfik PashaTewfik Pasha
(Muhammad Tewfik) , 1852–92, khedive of Egypt (1879–92). He acceded to office when his father, Ismail Pasha, was deposed. In 1880, Tewfik accepted joint French-British control over the nation's finances.
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. Nominally he ruled in subordination to the Ottoman Empire, but in fact Egypt was controlled by the British resident—at first Lord CromerCromer, Evelyn Baring, 1st earl of
, 1841–1917, British administrator in Egypt. Appointed (1877) first British commissioner of the Egyptian public debt office, he directed investigations by France and England into
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, and later Lord KitchenerKitchener, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl
, 1850–1916, British field marshal and statesman. Trained at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich (1868–70), he had a brief period of service in the French army
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. Although he resisted complete British rule, Abbas met with little success; in 1899 he was forced to admit the British claim to rule jointly with Egypt over Sudan. When Turkey joined the Central Powers in World War I, Britain declared Egypt a British protectorate and deposed Abbas. He lived thereafter in Switzerland, where he died. He wrote The Anglo-Egyptian Settlement (1930).
References in periodicals archive ?
Chehel Sotoun's interior, a former entertainment pavilion and palace of Shah Abbas II, had beautiful frescos and paintings that date back more than a century.
One of his famous quotes was: "Had I not been an Egyptian, I would have wished to be Egyptian." In December 1907, Khedive Abbas II helped him to establish the National Party to counter the Ummah Party which was supported by the British, but Kamel died after a few months of the establishment of the National Party.
The current museum building was inaugurated in the reign of Khedive Abbas II in 1903.
While persecution of Jews had existed in pre-Islamic Iran, the worst of it began with the Safavids' adoption of Shia Islam as the state religion at the beginning of the 17th century, leading to measures including a brutal decree of forced conversion in 16561662 under Shah Abbas II. This decree was followed by episodic forced conversions of Jewish communities and individuals.
Qummi's treatise was one of the most influential voices in the anti-philosophy movement during the reign of Shah 'Abbas II (r.
Iran's (formerly Persia) openness to the outside world, especially during the reign of Shah Abbas II (1642-1666), paved the way for European works of art to influence artists such as Zaman in the way they used perspective and blended shading and overall interest in Western themes.
This is part of the cover presented by Abbas II Hilmi Bey, Khedive of Egypt in 1331 Hijri.
This is part of the cover presented by Abbas II Hilmi Bey, Khedive (viceroy) of Egypt in 1331 Hijri.
Caught, he was exiled to Mashhad rather than killed and, in a further sign of the Safavids' continued instinct for accommodation, Shah 'Abbas II, uninterested in conflict with either the Kurds or the Ottomans, allowed the khan's oldest son, Kalb 'Ali Khan, to succeed him.
Shah Abbas II was also responsible for additions to this palace, such as the hall of mirrors, the hall of 18 pillars and two large chambers facing the north and south.
Jolfa New Locality, was built at the time of King Abbas II. Jolfa new locality is superior to old quarter in terms of all aspects for which it includes wide and direct alleys with appropriate composition.
It was there that the royal marriages of Abbas II Hilmi, Sultan Fouad and King Faroukh's marriage to Queen Farida took place.