Henri Grégoire

(redirected from Abbe Gregoire)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grégoire, Henri


Born Dec. 4, 1750, in Vého, near Lunéville; died May 28, 1831, in Paris. Participant in the Great French Revolution.

The son of a poor peasant, Grégoire was a priest who gained popularity as an opponent of Negro slavery. In 1789 he was elected to the Estates General, in which he supported the proposal that the lower clergy join the deputies of the third estate. He was the first to swear allegiance to the new so-called civil clergy, which came into existence in 1790. Elected a deputy to the Convention in 1792, at its first meeting Grégoire called for abolition of the monarchy. In 1793 he proposed a draft for a declaration on questions of international law, based on the principle of the recognition of the sovereignty of every people. Grégoire reacted favorably to the coup d’etat of 18th Brumaire. During the restoration of the Bourbons (1814 and 1815–30) he was attacked by the reactionary monarchist clergy. Grégoire was well known in Russia, and from 1814 to 1821 he was an honorary member of the University of Kazan.


Essai historique sur les libertés de l’Eglise gallicane.... Paris, 1818.
Histoire des sectes religieuses . . ., vols. 1–6. Paris, 1828–45.
Mémoires . . ., vols. 1–2. Paris, 1837.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first reprinting in over two centuries, it is faithful to the original, including the entire account, the engravings, and Rainsford's extensive appendix, which contains everything from an Abbe Gregoire letter and a transcript of Oge's testimony to the Haitian Declaration of Independence and the program from the coronation of Jean-Jacques Dessalines.
The Abbe Gregoire and Philosemitism in Revolutionary France" consider important figures whose understanding of Jews and Judaism grew out of early modern thought.
Adrian Lamourette (1742-1794) was a teacher of the Abbe Gregoire, a friend of Mirabeau, and ultimately a victim of the Terror.
In 1794, the Abbe Gregoire issued his report on "The Necessity and Means of Exterminating Patois and Universalizing the Use of the French Language." For the nationalist abbe, the extirpation of the sub-dialects was imperative if French patriotism was to flourish.
The Abbe Gregoire and the French Revolution: The Making of Modern Universalism.
A key figure of the French Revolution, the Abbe Gregoire became a leading advocate for the emancipation of Jews, Blacks and other oppressed minorities in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
Finally, a figure well worth further study, is the Abbe Gregoire. Born to poor parents, he was the priest at Embermenil near Luneville.
His commitment to that thesis also explains why the last chapter of the book is devoted to discussion of the abbe Gregoire's attempt to establish linguistic uniformity in the early years of the Revolution.
As Anthony Vidler argued about one of its most insightful and influential cultural critics, the Abbe Gregoire, two of the neologisms coined during the Revolution make a symbiotic pair.
A true revolutionary believer in literte, egalite fraternite the Abbe Gregoire was perhaps the most influential voice in the abolitionist movement of the early eighteenth century.
A journalist in the Journal encyclopedique, analysing at some length Zalkind Hourwitz's Apologie des Juifs, concluded that it, together with the similar work by the famous abbe Gregoire with which it shared an academic prize, was worthy of the highest degree of attention from the National Assembly (1789, VII, 53-70).