Abdul Karim Kassem

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Kassem, Abdul Karim

 

Born 1914 in Baghdad; died there Feb. 9, 1963. Iraqi statesman.

Kassem, the son of a petit bourgeois, received a military education. He became a brigadier general in 1955. He led the military coup d’etat that inaugurated the Iraqi Revolution of 1958. From 1958 to 1963, Kassem was the prime minister, minister of defense, and commander in chief of Iraq. Initially, his government carried out several progressive reforms. However, in late 1959, Kassem began to suppress the forces of democracy. During the coup d’etat of 1963, he was executed.

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References in periodicals archive ?
On July 14, 1958, Iraqi army officers, under Abd Al-Karim Qasim, staged a bloody coup that transformed the Kingdom of Iraq into the Republic of Iraq.
In 1958, the pro-Western government of Faisal II was overthrown by 'Abd al-Karim Qasim. Qasim was overthrown in 1963 by Abd al-Salam 'Arif, apparently with the help of the CIA.
Its heyday was between 1958 and 1960, when Iraq was ruled by 'Abd al-Karim Qasim. In 1959 the party had about 20,000 members, with far more enrolled in organisations under party control, such as the League for the Defence of Iraqi Women.