Abd el-Krim

(redirected from Abd-el-krim)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Abd el-Krim

(äb'dĕl-krĭm`), 1882?–1963, leader of the Rif tribes of Morocco, called in full Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi. An important figure in the administration of the Spanish Zone until 1920, he took up arms against Spanish rule. In 1921 his small force defeated a disorganized and ill-equipped Spanish army. In the next three years he strengthened his position and in 1924 drove the Spanish back to Tétouan. After capturing his only rival, Raisuli, he advanced (1925) into the French Zone. Defeated by combined Franco-Spanish forces, he surrendered in 1926 and was deported to Réunion. He escaped (1947) to Egypt, was awarded (1958) the title national hero by King Muhammad V of Morocco, and in 1962 announced he was returning to Morocco. Abd el-Krim died a year later, before he reached his destination.


See study by D. S. Woolman (1968).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Born in El Ferrol (December 4, 1892), he entered the Toledo Academia de Infanteria (1907) and was commissioned a 2d lieutenant (1910); his ability led to rapid promotion, and he was deputy commander of the Spanish Foreign Legion in Morocco (1920); fought with that unit during the Riff Rebellion of Abd-el-Krim (1921-May 26, 1926), commanding the legion by the end of the war; he was promoted to brigadier general (1926), and directed the Academia General Militar at Saragossa (Zaragoza) during the dictatorship of Gen.
Educated, intelligent, and energetic, Abd-el-Krim showed considerable military and administrative skill; his people were too backward and his resources too limited to oppose the combined Franco-Spanish offensive, but the French respected his abilities and saluted him when he surrendered.