Abdera


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Abdera

(ăbdē`rə) or

Avdira

(ävdē`rä), town, NE Greece, in Thrace, near the mouth of the Mesta River. It is a small agricultural settlement. Founded (c.650 B.C.) by colonists from Clazomenae, it was destroyed by the Thracians (c.550 B.C.) and rebuilt (c.500 B.C.) by refugees from Teos. The town passed to Macedon in 352 B.C. and in 198 B.C. became a free city under Roman rule. The term Abderite was used by the ancient Greeks as a synonym for stupid. However, the philosophers Protagoras, Leucippus, and Democritus lived there.

Abdera

maritime city whose inhabitants were known proverbially for their stupidity. [Gk. Folklore: Benét, 2]
References in classic literature ?
Protagoras of Abdera, and Prodicus of Ceos, and a host of others, have only to whisper to their contemporaries: `You will never be able to manage either your own house or your own State until you appoint us to be your ministers of education'-- and this ingenious device of theirs has such an effect in making them love them that their companions all but carry them about on their shoulders.
This genre eventually associated, with significant differences of degree among the authors, the "madness" (generic term given to the tragic experience, renamed "psychosis" in its description by psychodynamic psychiatry) to genius/creativity; this tradition dates back to Aristotle in his famous Problemata XXX, and also to Hippocrates in his discussion on the alleged madness of the philosopher Democritus of Abdera, whose historical revival facilitated the celebration of a kind of "heroic madness" and his normative capacity for self-improvement in Nietzsche, which would be confused with his own philosophical production.
Nesse aspecto, a obra de Democrito de Abdera, embora somente tenha sobrevivido ate a atualidade por meio de fragmentos, de certa forma apresenta interessantes fundamentos da essencia do regime democratico.
For this reason, in this bibliographical note, I only propose a revision of the chapter dedicated to the sophist Protagoras from Abdera. First, I provide a historical overview of the construction of the Corpus Protagoreum.
(36) So also a sumptuously decorated coin from Abdera which "displays the hero unbearded, tired and resting; his stance, particularly that of the head, has both something of weariness and of sadness".
Por eso consideramos que este hallazgo viene a redundar en la importancia de la extraccion y comercio de la galena argentifera del sureste, documentada por ejemplo en Abdera procedente de la sierra de Gador (Carpintero Lozano et al.
O espirito do Ocidente ou a razao como medida: Protagoras de Abdera, a educacao, o Estado e a justica.
Ademas, durante ese periodo los fenicios fundaron distintas factorias como Gadir (Cadiz), Malaka (Malaga), Sexi (Almunecar) y Abdera (Adra).
Chapter 9 makes use of Manetho and Hecataeus of Abdera to date the story of the exodus from Egypt in the Hellenistic period.
El AaAaAeA nico libro de cuentos de Leopol Lugones publicado en Portugal, Os Cavalos de Abdera (Vega, 1988, 82 aAaAaAeA~os despuAaAaAeA@s del original), incluye varias citas de Borges.
One of them, Democritus of Abdera, Greece, answered in 465 B.C.
Lopez Facal, Javier (2011): "Entre Democrito de Abdera y Peter Higgs", en El Pais, secc.