a posteriori

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a posteriori

Logic
1. relating to or involving inductive reasoning from particular facts or effects to a general principle
2. derived from or requiring evidence for its validation or support; empirical; open to revision
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

a posteriori

see A PRIORI AND A POSTERIORI.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

A Posteriori

 

knowledge acquired through experience. This method of acquiring knowledge was already being examined in antiquity by Aristotle, Plato, and Boethius and in the Middle Ages by Averroës (ibn Rushd), Avicenna (ibn Sina), Albert von Bollstädt, Thomas Aquinas, and others. The analysis of cognition a posteriori occupied an important place in the system of I. Kant, who proposed that the special laws of science can be recognized only a posteriori but that the general principles of cognition are independent of any experience—that is, a priori.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The following makes explicit the abductive reasoning about the informants' social integration using descriptions derived from the status updates.
The neglect of abductive reasoning entails a two-fold danger.
When placed within the context of a dual-process framework, abductive reasoning might work either to further associative intuitions or to restrain them, depending both on the cognitive complexity of the case and the extent to which the fact finder is motivated to either defend or resist her own intuitions.
Abductive reasoning is more a reasoning pattern than a data fusion technique.
Arguably, progressive focusing based on abductive reasoning can be seen as an intuitive, subjective and interpretive activity (Bringer et al.
consider the nature of the abductive reasoning and its role in the acquisition of knowledge.
In summarizing his interview with Martin, Dunne (2006) suggests that a designer's approach includes: (1) an expectation of, and, therefore, a can-do attitude about, "wicked" problems, often including constraints which, Martin (2006) argues, even serve as a source of inspiration; (2) idea generation, or abductive reasoning, in addition to the deductive and inductive reasoning used in business thinking; and (3) interactive skills, especially collaboration and empathy, most often with respect to peers and consumers.
In Sweetser's original analysis the polysemy of conjunctions such as because (compare John passed his exams because he worked hard, which links facts in the content domain, and John worked hard, because he passed his exams, which links steps in the reasoning developing in the epistemic domain) postulates a systematic conceptual distinction between domains, which explains constructional phenomena such as intonation and clause-order patterns, while distinguishing different kinds of reasonings involving causality, including the abductive reasoning exemplified by the second example.
Instead, Lomasky holds that his argument is more similar to abductive reasoning (RFC 118).
A theory of legal punishment might be recognizably Aristotelian because it draws on other features of virtue ethics instead, such as its distinctive moral particularism, its use of abductive reasoning, (80) its rich conception of deliberation on ends, and its resulting account of responsibility for ends.