a posteriori

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a posteriori

Logic
1. relating to or involving inductive reasoning from particular facts or effects to a general principle
2. derived from or requiring evidence for its validation or support; empirical; open to revision

a posteriori

see A PRIORI AND A POSTERIORI.

A Posteriori

 

knowledge acquired through experience. This method of acquiring knowledge was already being examined in antiquity by Aristotle, Plato, and Boethius and in the Middle Ages by Averroës (ibn Rushd), Avicenna (ibn Sina), Albert von Bollstädt, Thomas Aquinas, and others. The analysis of cognition a posteriori occupied an important place in the system of I. Kant, who proposed that the special laws of science can be recognized only a posteriori but that the general principles of cognition are independent of any experience—that is, a priori.

References in periodicals archive ?
The following makes explicit the abductive reasoning about the informants' social integration using descriptions derived from the status updates.
The neglect of abductive reasoning entails a two-fold danger.
consider the nature of the abductive reasoning and its role in the acquisition of knowledge.
Also, investigators found evidence that most, if not all, business students learned the importance of one of design thinking's cognitive aspects: abductive reasoning, or the generation of ideas.
In Sweetser's original analysis the polysemy of conjunctions such as because (compare John passed his exams because he worked hard, which links facts in the content domain, and John worked hard, because he passed his exams, which links steps in the reasoning developing in the epistemic domain) postulates a systematic conceptual distinction between domains, which explains constructional phenomena such as intonation and clause-order patterns, while distinguishing different kinds of reasonings involving causality, including the abductive reasoning exemplified by the second example.
Instead, Lomasky holds that his argument is more similar to abductive reasoning (RFC 118).
A theory of legal punishment might be recognizably Aristotelian because it draws on other features of virtue ethics instead, such as its distinctive moral particularism, its use of abductive reasoning, (80) its rich conception of deliberation on ends, and its resulting account of responsibility for ends.
But it is hard to ignore the evidence of what I would call a change of dominant with the entry into a general regime of abductive reasoning.
method presented herein employs abductive reasoning (Prakken 2001).
This can be seen by considering more concretely that pattern of abductive reasoning by which we generate signs when underlying rules of thinking do not yet exist.
Unlike the traditional forms of reasoning, abductive reasoning is not linear but lateral; it deals with patterns and relationships and accepts that all knowledge is open to doubt and revision and open to interpretations from different perspectives.