Muhammad Abduh

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Muhammad Abduh
BirthplaceNile Delta, Egypt
Died

Muhammad Abduh

1849–1905, Egyptian Muslim religious reformer. His encounter in 1872 with Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani, in the Cairo mosque-university of al-Azhar, led to his transition from asceticism to an activism seeking the renaissance of Islam and the liberation of the Muslims from colonialism. Abduh advocated the reform of Islam by bringing it back to its pristine state, and casting off what he viewed as its contemporary decadence and division. His views were faced by opposition from the established political and religious order, but were later embraced by Arab nationalism after World War I.
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The journal had an impressively long run for an Arabic cultural journal of the time (1920 to 1932) and the first year featured contributions from important writers like Louis Sabunji, Tanyus Abduh, Mikhail Rustum and Naoum Moukarzel.
The source disclosed that the names of the two entities are Al-Rahmah Charitable Association and Al-Khyr Supermarket, both based in Yemen, along with the following Yemeni individuals: Nayif Salih Salim al-Qaysi, Abd al-wahhab Muhammad 'Abd al-wahhab al-Humayqani, Hashim Muhsin Aydarus, Nashwan al-Adani, Khalid Abdullah Saleh al-Marfadi, Sayf Abdulrab Salem al-Hayashi, Adil Abduh Fari, Uthman al-Dhubbani, Radwan Mohammed Hasan Qanan, Wali Nashwan al-Yafi'I, Khalid sa'id Ghabish al-'ubaydi and Bilal Ali al-Wafi.
The source identified the designated entities as Yemeni Rahmah Charitable Organization and Al Khayr Supermarket and named the individuals as: Nayif Salih Salim al-Qaysi, Abd al-Wahhab Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab al-Humayqani, Hashim Muhsin Aydarus, Nashwan al-Adani, Khalid Abdullah Salih al-Marfadi, Sayf Abdulrab Salem al-Hayashi, Adil Abduh Fari Uthman al-Dhubhani, Radwan Muhammad Hasan Qanan, Wali Nashwan al-Yafi'i, Khalid Sa'id Ghabish al-Ubaydi and Bilal Ali al-Wafi.
Adil Abduh Fari Uthman Al-Dhubhani OFAC designated Adil Abduh Fari Uthman Al-Dhubhani (Fari) for acting for or on behalf of AQAP, as well as for assisting in, sponsoring, or providing financial, material, or technological support for, or financial or other services to or in support of, AQAP and ISIS-Y.
Together with the UAE, other TFTC Member States designated the following individuals and entities pursuant to their respective authorities: Nayif Salih Salim al-Qaysi, Yemeni national; Abd al-Wahhab Muhammad Abd al-Rahman al-Humayqani, Yemeni National; Hashim Muhsin Aydarus al-Hamid, Yemeni national; Abu Sulayman al-Adani; Yemeni national; Khalid al-Marfadi, Yemeni national; Sayf Abdulrab Salem al-Hayashi; Yemeni national; Adil Abduh Fari Uthman al-Dhubhani, Yemeni national; Radwan Muhammad Husayn Ali Qanan, Yemeni national; Nashwan al-Wali al-Yafi'i, Yemeni national; Khalid Sa'id Ghabish al-Ubaydi, Yemeni national; Bilal Ali Muhammad al-Wafi; Yemeni national, along with Al Khayr Supermarket in Yemen, and the Rahmah Charitable Organisation in Yemen.
For instance, an online campaign demanding popular Saudi singer Mohammed Abduh cancel his performance in Jeddah was launched in December.
The intellectual trends and transmission of knowledge in a wider Muslim world is examined to deduce the sources and the agents of the religious reform movement in Damascus, like the Wahhabis, the Alusis of Baghdad, Abd al-Qadir al-Jazayiri, Abduh and Afgani.
In the History of tafsir section, she discusses the work of Sayyid Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Abduh, and Fazlur Rahman.
Revealing photography as a particularly fertile ground for Art and Liberty's unique experimentations, works by Ida Kar, Idabel, Etienne Sved, and Khalil Abduh recast traditional images of Egyptian prowess--majestic sand dunes, grand pyramids, monumental sculptures--as critiques of nationalist propaganda.
13) For a detailed study of Abduh and his disciple Rida, see Ryad.
Unmistakably apparent in this passage is the social critique that Islamic reformists--such as Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida in the Middle East or the Kaum Muda in Southeast Asia--leveled both at indigenous traditional authorities and at European imperialism and Orientalism, a critique rooted in a temporal polemic of "golden age" and "decline" (Kerr 1966; A.
Abduh (1849-1905) and al-Maraghi (1881-1945) were both proponents of modernization, both championed a new type of ijtihad (independent legal reasoning), and both considered taqlid (legal fideism) to be the main cause of the downfall of Muslims.