Abd al-Majid

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Abd al-Majid

(äb'däl-mäjēd`) or

Abdülmecit

(Turk. äbdül` mäjēd`), 1823–61, Ottoman sultan (1839–61), son and successor of Mahmud IIMahmud II,
1784–1839, Ottoman sultan (1808–39), younger son of Abd al-Hamid I. He was raised to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) upon the deposition of his brother, Mustafa IV, and continued the reforms of his cousin, Selim III.
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 to the throne of the Ottoman Empire. The rebellion of Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali,
1769?–1849, pasha of Egypt after 1805. He was a common soldier who rose to leadership by his military skill and political acumen. In 1799 he commanded a Turkish army in an unsuccessful attempt to drive Napoleon from Egypt.
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 was checked by the intervention (1840–41) of England, Russia, and Austria. Abd al-Majid was influenced by the British ambassador, Viscount Stratford de RedcliffeStratford de Redcliffe, Stratford Canning, Viscount,
1786–1880, British diplomat. He entered (1807) the foreign office under the aegis of his cousin, George Canning. Sent (1808) to Turkey, he negotiated the Treaty of Bucharest (1812) between Turkey and Russia.
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, who helped persuade the sultan to introduce Western reforms. Two decrees (1839 and 1856) led to many changes but did not have permanent effect. Confident in British and French support, Abd al-Majid resisted (1853) the Russian claim to act as protector of the Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire. This was a primary cause of the Crimean WarCrimean War
, 1853–56, war between Russia on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France, and Sardinia on the other. The causes of the conflict were inherent in the unsolved Eastern Question.
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. Turkey received no concrete gains at the Congress of Paris (1856; see Paris, Congress ofParis, Congress of,
1856, conference held by representatives of France, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Sardinia, Russia, Austria, and Prussia to negotiate the peace after the Crimean War. In the Treaty of Paris (Mar.
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). The sultan was succeeded by his brother, Abd al-AzizAbd al-Aziz
or Abdülaziz
, 1830–76, Ottoman sultan (1861–76), brother and successor of Abd al-Majid. The economic and political reforms enacted under his rule could not outpace the decline of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey).
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the concluding ceremony, various notables were present among them were MNA Abdul Majeed Khan Khanan Khel, Chairman District Council Gul Hameed Khan Rokhri and others.
Central President of JKLL and retired Chief Justice of AJK High Court Justice (Ret) Abdul Majeed Mallick was the chief guest on this occasion.
JKLL Central President and former AJK High Court Chief Justice (r) Abdul Majeed Mallick was the chief guest on the occasion.
A kidnap and murder case was later registered on the complaint of Bilqees Fatima, the victim's widow, against inspector Abdul Majeed Gujjar (head of CIA Iqbal division), ASIs Ali Imran, Abdul Ghafoor, Ashraf Gujjar, HC Liaqat Ali and constable Tariq.
President Mamnoon Hussain said this while addressing the closing ceremony of Abdul Majeed Parveen Raqam Youth Calligraphy Competition here on Wednesday.
The incident resulted in severe injuries to six persons including Sakina, Hassan Soomro, Abdul Majeed Chhajjan, Ghulam Qadir Chhajjan, Riaz Ahmed Chhajjan and Mohammad Soomar Chhajjan, residents of village Mohammad Sadiq Chhajjan.
Earlier on January 10,a meeting of the federal cabinet had approved the appointment of Sardar Abdul Majeed Dasti as the new Sindh police chief to replace the incumbent Inspector General AD Khawaja.
The government nominated Sardar Abdul Majeed Dasti, a grade 22 officer, as Khawaja's replacement.
Arab News Saudi singer Abdul Majeed Abdullah (Photo Courtesy: Socialmedia) JEDDAH: In line with the recent open atmosphere Saudi Arabia has been witnessing, renowned singer Abdul Majeed Abdullah confirmed that his next concert would be in Jeddah and that it would be open for both men and women for the first time in Saudi Arabia - and he promised better things in the future.
Abdul Majeed as Chancellor, Textile Institute of Pakistan (TIP) for another term of three years, with immediate effect.
KHAR -- Jamaat-i-Islami (JI), Amir Maulana Abdul Majeed urged tribal people to participate in Azakhel, Nowshera Rally in great number to oppose FCR and in favor of merger in KP.
On the occasion Dr Abdul Majeed and Dr Abdul Rasheed presented detailed briefing about the project entitled soil fertility and soil health in Pakistan through demonstration and dissemination of best practices for farmers regarding usage of fertilizers".