This was the equivalent of the Nazar fi'l Muzalim (complaint) courts alluded to by Hazrat Ali (R.A.) and formalised by the fifth Omayyad Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan
. This approach in England continued till 1874 when the judicial system of UK was modified and now has four divisions: Common Law; Admiralty, Probate and Divorce, and the Chancery Division.
Umayyad caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan
in 65 AH despite the hatred,
Thereafter, Abdul Malik Bin Marwan
built the Dome of the Rock in 691 CE, which was than covered through the thin sheet of gold by late Shah Hussain with 35 tones', which the Jews believed to be use in their purpose when they will build their own third temple in future.
After Muawiyah, it is 'Abdul Malik bin Marwan
who was the fifth caliph of Umayyad dynasty.
Asma advised her son before the fight against the Damascus ruler Abdul Malik bin Marwan
saying she will be grieving for him only if he is killed in a vain and unjust cause.
Al-Aqsa and the Dome of the Rock were built by the Umayyads, and the mosque contains the Mawani mosque, named after the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan
, who built the mosque which was then completed by his son al-Walid bin Abdul Malik.
The Dome of the Rock, the elaborately designed dome-shaped structure in its current state was built by Umayyad Caliph Abdul Malik Bin Marwan
. During the rule of Al Waleed, Bin Marwan's son, the Al Aqsa Mosque was expanded as he sought to make the city the capital of his empire.
There were also popular and folkloric performances by the GAM Popular Arts Band and the Ma'an Youth Band, and artistic acts presented by the students of Thu Al Nourain Private School and Abdul Malik Bin Marwan
At that time, the names of the schools, which were changed into Kurdish after the agreement of March 11, 1970, were changed into Arabic; for example, Kawa was changed to Mahadh Bin Jabal; Kurdistan was changed to Abdul Malik Bin Marwan
; Zewar was changed to Al Andalusia; March 11 was changed to Maisaloon'; the Aso library was changed to Al Taleeha library; and Dara was changed to Al Aruba.
Other restorative projects within the framework of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosque's program to restore mosques in the Kingdom include the Abdul Malik bin Marwan
Mosque, the Abad bin Beshir Mosques, the Al-Imam Al-Dhahabi Mosques and the Souq Al-Haraj Mosque in Dammam, as well as the Uthman bin Affan Mosque in Ras Tanourah.In Hail, said Al-Hwaimel, the restoration of the Al-Sharqi Park Mosque will cost SR 300,000, with other maintenance and construction works in Jouf, Qrayyat and Skaka.