Gamal Abdel Nasser

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Nasser, Gamal Abdel


Born Jan. 15, 1918, in Beni Mor, Asyut Province, Egypt; died Sept. 28, 1970, in Cairo. Statesman and political figure in Egypt.

The son of a postal worker, Nasser graduated from a secondary school in Cairo in 1935 and from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo in 1939 with the rank of second lieutenant. After serving in Egypt and the Sudan, he was sent to the military college of the General Staff in 1942 and graduated with distinction. He took part in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49 and was wounded. Holding the rank of lieutenant colonel, from 1949 to 1952 he taught at the military college of the General Staff.

Nasser founded and headed the Free Officers, a secret political organization that planned and carried out an anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution on July 23, 1952. Nasser became deputy chairman and later chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council. From 1954 to 1956, with brief interruptions, he was prime minister and simultaneously carried out the duties of president. From June 1956 he was president of Egypt. Nasser headed the struggle of the Egyptian people against the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956, and from 1956 was commander in chief of the armed forces.

Nasser devoted great attention to the development of Egypt’s economy. In June 1962, the National Congress of Popular Powers ratified the Charter of National Action, which was prepared under Nasser’s direct supervision and which set forth progressive aims for Egyptian domestic and foreign policy. Nasser also actively supported the unity of the Arab peoples in their struggle for national independence. In 1963 he became chairman of the Arab Socialist Union. Despite the Egyptian military defeat resulting from the Israeli aggression against the Arab countries in 1967 and the accompanying economic and political difficulties, Nasser was supported by the masses of the people and continued to implement progressive socioeconomic measures. On Mar. 30, 1968, he set forth a program of action to do away with the consequences of the Israeli aggression.

Nasser convened or actively participated in many international conferences of heads of state and government, at which he defended the cause of all peoples struggling for freedom and independence. He was a consistent advocate of strengthening the friendship and expanding the all-around cooperation between Egypt and the Soviet Union.


Falsafat al-thavrah. (Philosophy of the Revolution.) Cairo, 1954.
Khutab wa tasrihat. (Speeches and Addresses.) Cairo, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
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The upgraded Jahra and Jamal Abdul Nasser highways will serve as efficient transport infrastructure for the road's adjacent influential existing establishments, which are:
These passengers were not registered on our system, which means that they did not have permission to enter Mecca," Shaikh Abdul Nasser told the GDN.
Abdul Nasser welcomed the idea of organizing more of such events for they have an effective role in strengthening the social and family cohesion, in addition to reinvigorating the economic movement and supporting small enterprises owners, praising the efforts of Ajyal Foundation which contributed in supporting the productive families.
There was thunderous applause when Prime Minister Gamal Abdul Nasser announced that General Abdul Hakim Amer has been instructed to take measures to meet aggression, and to protect the frontiers of the Motherland.
Separately, Berri received the Economy Minister of Curassow State Abdul Nasser Hakim and later on met with Scholar Sheikh Hassan Awad.
Abdul Nasser Ferwaneh, a researcher specialized in prisoners' affairs, said there are 113 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails who were arrested before the 1994 signing of the Oslo accords including one from the Golan Heights, 60 from the West Bank, 10 from Jerusalem, 28 from Gaza, and 14 Palestinians from inside Israel.
Counselor Abdul Nasser Mohammed Al Shehi, who is also the public lawyer at the emirate's Public Prosecution Office, said the medical reports had proven that there was no criminal involvement in the deaths.
On 26 July 1956, Egypt's President Gamal Abdul Nasser nationalised the Suez Canal Company,, one of the gems of Britain's imperial portfolio.
The company's assistant general manager of investment sector, Abdul Nasser Al-Sabeeh, said, 'Our Gulf expansion effort is now focused on the healthcare services sector, specifically in Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the Sultanate of Oman and we are equally determined to expand our existing investments in the Kuwaiti market.
ATS chief Rakesh Maria said Shabeer is also accused of planting a bomb at the Coimbatore Press Club in 2002 to protest against the arrest of PDP chairman Abdul Nasser Madani, who was booked in connection with the 1998 Coimbatore serial blasts case.
Abdul Nasser Farwana, former Palestinian prisoner and director of the department of statistics in the Palestinian Authority (PA) Prisoners Affairs Ministry, has hailed media reports announcing Saudi Arabia's intention to host the upcoming reconciliation meeting between Palestinian rival factions, Hamas and Fatah, and its readiness to mediate talks between, the Palestinian daily AL QUDS reported Wednesday.