Abdul-Mahdi, Adel,1942–, Iraqi political leader. Born into a prominent Shiite family, he joined the Ba'ath partyBa'ath party
, Arab political party, in Syria and in Iraq. Founded in Damascus in 1941 with an ideology of secularism, socialism, and pan-Arab unionism, it was reformed with the name Ba'ath in the early 1950s and rapidly achieved political power in Syria.
..... Click the link for more information. in the early 1960s, then left the party and went into self-exile in France in 1969. After studying economics and political science in Paris, he worked for think tanks and as a magazine editor, becoming an avowed Maoist. In the 1970s and 80s, he traveled widely and became enamored of the Iranian revolution, advocating a mild form of clerical rule for Iraq. Returning to Iraq in 2003 following the fall of Saddam HusseinHussein, Saddam
, 1937–2006, Iraqi political leader. A member of the Ba'ath party, he fled Iraq after participating (1959) in an assassination attempt on the country's prime minister; in Egypt he attended law school.
..... Click the link for more information. , he served as finance minister (2004–5), vice president (2005–11), and oil minister (2014–16). In 2018 Abdul-Mahdi, now a political independent, was selected as a compromise prime minister. Antigovernment protests in late 2019 led him to resign in December, but he remained in office as a caretaker prime minister until a successor was chosen.
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