In 1893, Britain and Afghan tribal leader Abdur Rahman Khan made an agreement on 2,640 kilometre border of British India (Pakistan now) and Afghanistan (Durand Line).
Besides Durand Line agreement, in 1892 and 1893, Abdur Rahman Khan had started his great war against non-Pashtuns particularly the Hazara and then the Nuristani peoples.
After Abdur Rahman Khan, invading non-Afghans land, suppression, and systematic discrimination, beside Afghanization/ Pahtunization and destroying victims' history and culture were still a part of the policy of Afghan regimes.
Almost a century, after Abdur Rahman Khan, when Taliban tribal military group kills thousands of non-Pashtuns and forces them to flee, it is based on the permanent policy of Afghan leaders that "Tajiks to Tajikistan, Uzbeks to Uzbekistan, and Hazaras to the graveyard".
Hazaras first came to Quetta in the 1890s, when Afghan ruler Abdur Rahman Khan
crushed a series of Hazara uprisings, which left thousands dead and saw lands confiscated, beginning a long period of discrimination in Afghanistan.
Even before the Afghan mujahideen fought a communist regime radically opposed to Islam, Abdur Rahman Khan
, the first Afghan monarch to overcome tribal opposition and strengthen government control, warned his successor, Habibullah never to trust the Russians.
Yaqub Khan was forced to abdicate and his cousin Abdur Rahman Khan
was installed as Amir.
The Durand Line cuts through the Pashtun tribal land under a single-page agreement signed in 1893, when the colonial British government forced the Afghan king Abdur Rahman Khan
Abdur Rahman Khan
, nicknamed The Iron Amir, ruled from 1880 to 1901 through torture and killing - even forcing rivals to eat each other.
Abdur Rahman Khan
, nicknamed The Iron Amir, ruled by torture and killing from 1880-1901, even forcing rivals to eat each other.
In 1880, Abdur Rahman Khan
set out a goal to bring Hazarajat under his control.