Abdus Salam


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Salam, Abdus,

1926–96, Pakistani physicist. After attending Government College at Lahore, he received a Ph.D. from Cambridge (1952). He taught in Lahore for three years before returning to England, first teaching mathematics at Cambridge (1954–57), then moving to Imperial College in London, where he became a professor of theoretical physics. In the early 1960s he developed a theory to explain some behavior of the weak interactionsweak interactions,
actions between elementary particles mediated, or carried, by W and Z particles and that are responsible for nuclear decay. Weak interactions are one of four fundamental interactions in nature, the others being gravitation, electromagnetism, and the strong interactions.
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 of elementary particles. For this work, in 1979 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Steven WeinbergWeinberg, Steven,
1933–, American nuclear physicist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Princeton, 1957. Since 1982 he has been a professor at the Univ. of Texas at Austin, having previously been on the faculties of Columbia, the Univ.
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 and Sheldon GlashowGlashow, Sheldon Lee
, 1932–, American physicist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Harvard, 1959. He became a professor at the Univ. of California at Berkeley in 1961 before moving to Harvard in 1967.
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. Salam also played an important role in the development of nuclear energy and the atomic bomb in Pakistan, but after 1974 he lived in exile in protest against a 1974 Pakistani law that defined Ahmadis (the religious group of which he was a member) as non-Muslims (see AhmadiyyaAhmadiyya
, a contemporary messianic movement founded (1899) by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1839–1908), b. Qadiyan, the Punjab. His Barahin-i Ahmadiyya, which he began to publish in 1880, was well received by his Islamic community.
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). To support Third World scientists and scientific research, Salam founded what is now the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics in 1964 and the Third World Academy of Sciences in 1983 (both in Trieste, Italy). He headed the International Center until his death.

Salam, Abdus

 

Born Jan. 29, 1926, in Jhang Maghiana. Pakistani physicist.

Salam graduated from Cambridge University in 1951. He was a professor at Government College in Lahore from 1951 to 1954 and a lecturer at Cambridge from 1954 to 1956; in 1957 he became a professor at the University of London. In 1964 he became director of the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste. He was chief scientific adviser to the president of Pakistan from 1961 to 1974 and was chairman of the UN Advisory Committee on Science and Technology in 1971.

Salam’s main works deal with quantum electrodynamics and the theory of elementary particles. He has contributed to work on problems of renormalization, and he was the first to call attention to the significance of overlap divergences and to point out ways of constructing theories that are amenable to renormalization. He has worked on a uniform theory of weak and electromagnetic interactions, the theory of symmetry, and the quark model of elementary particles. He has been a member of the London Royal Society since 1959 and a foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR since 1971.

WORKS

“The Renormalization of Meson Theories.” Reviews of Modern Physics, 1951, vol. 23, no. 4. (With P. T. Matthews.)
“Electromagnetic and Weak Interactions.” Physics Letters, 1964, vol. 13, no. 2. (With J. C. Ward.)
Fundamental Theory of Matter. Trieste, 1968.

I. D. ROZHANSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
In the UAF sub-campus, the enrollment has surpassed 1,600 students and they were devising a plan to expand the degree programmes,' Abdus Salam said.
He recalled that during his tenure as governor, three centres of excellence were established but only the Dr Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences earned repute at national and international levels.
Given that cancer is a very traumatic diagnosis and its treatment is very expensive, Dr Abdus Salam urged that government should endeavour to alleviate the suffering of cancer patients by providing improved treatment opportunities at subsidised rates.
Speaking on the occasion, Vice-Chancellor Professor Dr Hassan Amir Shah proudly shared that GCU housed the original Noble Prize certificate of Dr Abdus Salam.
He appreciated district education officer Abdus Salam for making appointments of teachers on merit and said that it would help reform the education system and achieve the goal of quality education.
Abdus Salam Ful comes from a family of 14 members, including step-mother, step-siblings, wife and three children including his infant twin daughters.
The National Centre for Physics at Quaid-i-Azam University has been named after "Professor Abdus Salam Centre for Physics".
He also talked about his interaction with Abdus Salam and his influence on his work in quantum information science, especially Symmetries and conservation in the nature.
Amin as General Secretary, Mohammed Golam Mostafa Nizam as Joint secretary, Atiquzzaman as Treasurer, Azimul Hoque Babul as Organising Secretary, Abdur Rahim as Welfare Secretary, Rezaul Karim as Cultural Secretary, Abdus Salam as Literature Secretary, Abul Bashar Sarkar as Sports Secretary, Nuruddin Zahed Chowdhury as Publicity Secretary and Mohammed Anwar Hossain as Honourable Member.
Hazrat Ali, Mujeeb ur Rehman, Sabeel and Abdus Salam had been convicted on August 13, according to a military statement sent on that date.
The firm has teamed up with the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics for the three-year project, which will study and analyse earthquake hazards and seismic risk mitigation.
TV reports said families of the victims blamed "doctors' negligence" for the deaths while deputy director of the facility Abdus Salam told newsmen that the newborns apparently died because of breathing problems, complexities during delivery and pneumonia.