Abe, Shinzo(shēn`zō ä`bā), 1954–, Japanese political leader. The son and grandson of politicians (his grandfather was Prime Minister Nobusuke KishiKishi, Nobusuke
, 1896–1987, Japanese statesman; older brother of Eisaku Sato. The son of a minor official, he went to live with prosperous relatives and took their name. After attending the law college of Tokyo Univ.
..... Click the link for more information. ), he served as secretary to his father and succeeded to his father's seat in the Diet in 1993. Abe gained attention in 2002 for taking a strong stand against North Korea over its kidnapping of Japanese citizens, and in 2003 he became secretary-general of the Liberal Democratic partyLiberal Democratic party
(LDP), Japanese political party. It began as the conservative Liberal party, which, under Shigeru Yoshida, became the dominant political force in Japan following World War II. In 1955 the Liberals merged with the newly created Democratic party.
..... Click the link for more information. . Becoming chief cabinet secretary under Prime Minister KoizumiKoizumi, Junichiro
, 1942–, Japanese political leader, b. Yokosuka. From a political family, he studied economics at Keio Univ. (grad. 1967). He entered politics in 1970 as a member of the Liberal Democratic party (LDP), and two years later was elected to the Diet.
..... Click the link for more information. in 2005, Abe was regarded as Koizumi's likely successor, and succeeded him as party president and prime minister in 2006.
A strong conservative and an apologist for Japan's role in World War II, Abe has supported revising the constitutional limitations on Japan's military, increasing Japan's role in international affairs, taking a harder line in Japan's relations with North Korea. In office, he succeeded in repairing ties with China that had been damaged under his predecessor and secured passage of educational reforms and of an upgrading of the defense agency to ministry status, but a series of government scandals and the LDP's loss of control of the Diet's upper house (July, 2007) led to Abe's resignation in Sept., 2007. Yasuo FukudaFukuda, Yasuo
, 1936–, Japanese politician. Son of ex-prime minister (1976–78) Takeo Fukuda, he attended Waseda Univ. (grad. 1959) and worked for an oil company for 17 years.
..... Click the link for more information. succeeded him.
Five years later Abe was again elected leader of the LDP. In Dec., 2012, he led the party to a landslide victory and again became prime minister; early elections in 2014 and 2017 also resulted in landslide wins, and made him Japan's longest serving prime minister. His time in office from 2012 was marked by continual tensions with China over disputed islands (also an issue with Taiwan and South Korea), tensions with North Korea over its nuclear and missile programs, increases in defense spending along with the easing of some restrictions of Japan's military, and tensions with South Korea over Japan's treatment of Koreans during World War II. He stepped down for health reasons in 2020, and was succeeded by Yoshihide SugaSuga, Yoshihide,
1948—, Japanese political leader. A member of the Liberal Democratic party, he was first elected to the Japanese house of representatives in 1996, having served (from 1987) two terms in Yokohoma's city council.
..... Click the link for more information. .