Abel Janszoon Tasman

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Tasman, Abel Janszoon

 

Born 1603 in Lutjegast, in the province of Groningen, the Netherlands; died October 1659 in Batavia (Jakarta). Dutch navigator in the service of the Dutch East India Company.

Commanding a merchant ship, Tasman sailed in the period 1638–41 in the seas of eastern Asia, as far north as Japan, and took part in the discovery of the Bonin Islands (1639). He was later given command of expeditions to explore Oceania (1642 and 1643) and Australia (1644). The object of the first expedition was to search for the “unknown southern continent,” in the course of which he discovered and mapped the southern and eastern shores of Van Diemen’s Land (the name of the island was changed to Tasmania in 1853), the western shore of New Zealand, the Three Kings Islands, the Tonga Islands, and islands of the Fiji group. The second expedition discovered the southern and western shores of the Gulf of Carpentaria and the northwestern shore of Australia. Both expeditions proved that Australia was a single mass of dry land and was not linked to a supposed southern continent.

Places named in honor of Tasman include the sea to the west of New Zealand, the bay and glacier of the southern island of New Zealand, the island off southeastern Australia, and the southeastern peninsula of Tasmania.

REFERENCES

Nevskii, V. Otkrytiia Tasmana. Moscow, 1961.
Svet, Ia. M. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1966.

I. P. MAGIDOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
The luxury property is located within the natural wilderness of the Abel Tasman National Park, and is accessible on foot via the famed Abel Tasman Coast Track.
Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European explorer to sight New Zealand in 1642, but I wasn''t there for the history - I was trying my hand at sea kayaking, followed by a forest walk.
The honour belongs to the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman, who, sailing out of Batavia (modern Jakarta), arrived off the west coast of the South Island in 1642.
Guests can choose to embark in either Auckland or Christchurch, New Zealand, as each cruise will visit the same ports between the two cities: Tauranga, White lsland (cruising by the volcano), Napier, Wellington, Golden Bay (to visit Abel Tasman National Park), Picton, scenic cruising of Marlborough Sounds, Ship's Cove, Kaikoura, and Akaroa.
For 600 years, no westerners bothered the Maori living there, but in 1642, the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman arrived.
In New Zealand and Australia anyone of my generation (a fifties child) was taught that our countries rose out of the sea in 1642 to be incompletely charted by Abel Tasman, and rose again much more accurately under the insistently probing voyages of Captain James Cook in 1769.
Air New Zealand's search for The Great Walker is being run in association with New Zealand's Department of Conservation (DOC) and will see four global winners take on New Zealand's premier DOC tracks; Abel Tasman Coast, Heaphy, Kepler, Lake Waikaremoana, Milford, Rakiura, Routeburn, Tongariro and Whanganui Journey.
As a visit to Epsom was ruled out for 1,000 Guineas fourth Talaayeb, a transatlantic trip was being mapped out for Daddys Lil Darling, the Kentucky-based filly trained by Kenny McPeek who finished a staying-on second behind Abel Tasman at Churchill Downs.
The explorer Abel Tasman gave his name to the island of Tasmania - but what nationality was he?
Jumping forward a century, Brian Hooker then considers the possible identity of a terrestrial globe carried by Abel Tasman on the Heemskerck in 1642, concluding it is most likely one of the Blaeu globes suggested by Helen Wallis in 1954.
West of here and a short journey from the fabulously kooky town of Nelson is an area called Abel Tasman National Park.
The weather was glorious but was definitely on the change, we were told, so we were keeping our fingers crossed it would hold out for the next two nights we planned trekking around the Abel Tasman peninsular.