Abel Janszoon Tasman

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Tasman, Abel Janszoon

 

Born 1603 in Lutjegast, in the province of Groningen, the Netherlands; died October 1659 in Batavia (Jakarta). Dutch navigator in the service of the Dutch East India Company.

Commanding a merchant ship, Tasman sailed in the period 1638–41 in the seas of eastern Asia, as far north as Japan, and took part in the discovery of the Bonin Islands (1639). He was later given command of expeditions to explore Oceania (1642 and 1643) and Australia (1644). The object of the first expedition was to search for the “unknown southern continent,” in the course of which he discovered and mapped the southern and eastern shores of Van Diemen’s Land (the name of the island was changed to Tasmania in 1853), the western shore of New Zealand, the Three Kings Islands, the Tonga Islands, and islands of the Fiji group. The second expedition discovered the southern and western shores of the Gulf of Carpentaria and the northwestern shore of Australia. Both expeditions proved that Australia was a single mass of dry land and was not linked to a supposed southern continent.

Places named in honor of Tasman include the sea to the west of New Zealand, the bay and glacier of the southern island of New Zealand, the island off southeastern Australia, and the southeastern peninsula of Tasmania.

REFERENCES

Nevskii, V. Otkrytiia Tasmana. Moscow, 1961.
Svet, Ia. M. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1966.

I. P. MAGIDOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Wilsons offer a range of other activities including half-day cruises, walking the Abel Tasman Track or kayaking around the bays, or you can simply stay over in the lodge to soak up the coastal beauty.
Peppers Retreats and Resorts, an Australia-based hotel company, has announced the addition of a new resort, the Awaroa Lodge, in Abel Tasman National Park, New Zealand, to its portfolio.
Under the partnership Air New Zealand's sole major sponsorship of the Great Walks network will incorporate nine of New Zealand's finest tracks; Rakiura, Kepler, Milford, Routeburn, Heaphy, Abel Tasman Coast, Whanganui River Journey, Tongariro and Lake Waikaremoana.
As with all meetings/conferences, there was an active social calendar including a boat trip or kayaking in Abel Tasman National Park and the conference dinner was held at the World of Wearable Art (WOW) Museum in Nelson.
-- The Abel Tasman Coastal Track (South Island): This 32-mile long walk within the gloriously beautiful Abel Tasman National Park is often a popular alternative to the busy Milford Track.
It was time for some more outdoors adventure in the nearby Abel Tasman National Park.
It is also the sunniest place in the country, protected by mountains on all sides, and is renowned for its art galleries and museums, but I was there to experience a bit of outdoors adventure in the nearby Abel Tasman National Park.
(2) And, yes, one must stop thinking that we identify unproblematically with our European forebears (because our cultures share written communication); as Anne Salmond persuasively argued in her work on Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, the links between the seventeenth-century Dutch cultural baggage with which Tasman sailed and the twentieth-century cultures of New Zealand or even Holland are as distended and ultimately precarious as Napoleon's supply lines to Russia, if not as different from pre-contact Maori cultural practices.
* New Holland [n]: early name for Australia, claimed by Dutch explorer Abel Tasman a century earlier.
In this updated 1649 state the coastline of the large 'Terra Australis nondum cognita' is shown only on the left side of the map extending from the Antarctic to the tropic of Capricorn with a break in the coast below 'Guinea No[va]; while on the righthand side the coastline of the hypothetical 'Terra Australis nondum cognita' has been removed and the outline of the Australian continent appears as known by the Dutch after Abel Tasman's voyage of 1642-43.
Thereby following in reverse Abel Tasman's course of discovery after be visited the future site of Hobart in his ship the Heemskerk.
The honour belongs to the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman, who, sailing out of Batavia (modern Jakarta), arrived off the west coast of the South Island in 1642.