Abilene

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Abilene

Abilene (ăbˈĭlēn). 1 City (2020 pop. 6,460), seat of Dickinson co., central Kans., on the Smoky Hill River; inc. 1869. It was (1867–71) a railhead for a large cattle-raising region extending SW into Texas. Millions of cattle followed the Chisholm Trail into the cow town's stockyards prior to shipment. “Wild Bill” Hickok was Abilene's marshal for a time. The city, a still shipping point for a wheat and cattle region, has feed and flour mills. Abilene was the boyhood home of President Dwight D. Eisenhower; the Eisenhower Center includes his old family homestead, a museum, the Eisenhower Library, and his grave. 2 City (2020 pop. 125,182), seat of Taylor co., W central Tex.; inc. 1882. Buffalo hunters first settled there; the town, which was founded in 1881 with the coming of the railroad, was named after Abilene, Kans. Abilene grew as a shipping point for cattle ranches and has become the financial, commercial, and educational center of a large part of W Texas. The city's diversified manufactures include electronic, aircraft, and missile components; oil-field and agricultural equipment; food and dairy products; clothing; metals; and musical instruments. Livestock (cattle, sheep, and poultry); agriculture (cotton, wheat, sorghum, and hay); and minerals (oil, natural gas, caliche, sand, gravel, and clays) are important to the area's economy. Regional petroleum industry headquarters are in Abilene, and Hardin-Simmons Univ., Abilene Christian Univ., and McMurry College are there.
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Abilene

The first IP backbone for Internet2, which began in 1997. Peering with other research networks both in the U.S. and internationally, Abilene started out at 2.5 Gbps but was upgraded to 10 Gbps by 2004. In 2007, after additional infrastructure was deployed with speeds up to 100 Gbps, the network was renamed Internet2 Network.

Abilene was a partnership of Internet2, Qwest Communications, Cisco Systems, Nortel Networks, Juniper Networks and Indiana University. Regional nodes were called "GigaPOPs," which served as data entry and switching points to all members. The first GigaPOP was deployed in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina in late 1997. See Internet2.


The Abilene Network
Starting out much like the original Internet, Abilene was composed of high-speed trunks across the United States. (Image courtesy of Internet2.)
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