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Abeokuta(ä'bēōko͞o`tə, ăb'–), city (1991 est. pop. 377,000), SW Nigeria. It is the trade center for an agricultural region producing rice, yams, cassava, cotton, fruit, vegetables, and palm products. Manufactures of the city include beer, cement, dyed textiles, and canned foods. There are granite quarries nearby that provide building materials for S Nigeria. Abeokuta was founded in the 1830s by Egba refugees from the YorubaYoruba
, people of SW Nigeria and Benin, numbering about 20 million. Today many of the large cities in Nigeria (including Lagos, Ibadan, and Abeokuta) are in Yorubaland.
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city in western Nigeria, situated on the Ogun River at the junction of the highway and the Lagos-Kano railroad line. Population of 187,300 (1963). It is a trade center for such products as cacao, kola nuts, citrus fruits, and bananas. Its domestic industries include textiles and dyes. The city has a cannery and cement and concrete plants. In the 19th century Abeokuta was the capital of one of the city-states of Yoruba.