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Aberdeen, former county, Scotland
Aberdeen, former county, Scotland: see Aberdeenshire.
Aberdeen, city, Scotland
Aberdeen, city (2020 pop. 229,060) and council area, NE Scotland, on the North Sea at the mouth of the Dee River. It is Scotland's third largest city in population. Aberdeen is the financial and administrative center for Britain's North Sea oil industry as well as a major fishing port and granite-quarrying center. Aberdeen became a royal burgh in 1176 and was a leading port for trade with England and the Low Countries as early as the 14th cent. The town was burned by the English in 1336. It was a stronghold of royalist and episcopal sentiment in the religious wars of the 17th cent. Aberdeen is noted for its granite Cathedral of St. Machar. The Univ. of Aberdeen includes King's College (founded 1493) and Marischal College (founded 1593). In the 21st century, it has been cited as a leading UK hub for business.
Aberdeen, cities, United States
Aberdeen (ăbˈərdēnˌ). 1 Town (2020 pop. 15,935), Harford co., NE Md., in a farm region; inc. 1892. Just south, on Chesapeake Bay, is the U.S. army's huge Aberdeen Proving Ground, a major research, development, and testing installation and site of the army ordnance center and school. An ordnance museum is on the grounds. 2 City (2020 pop. 28,495), seat of Brown co., NE S.Dak.; inc. 1882. The trade and distribution center for a wheat and livestock region, it has grain elevators and soybean oil, candy, and dairy-processing plants. Other industries include machinery, electronic and medical equipment, chemicals, computers, printing, wood products, and ethanol. Northern State Univ. and the Dakota Prairie Museum are there. 3 City (2020 pop. 17,031), Grays Harbor co., W Wash., a port of entry on Grays Harbor, at the confluence of the Chehalis and the Wishkah rivers; inc. 1890. With its adjacent twin city, Hoquiam, it has lumbering, shipping, boatbuilding, seafood-processing, and steel and copper foundries. Wood products and lumbering, long the local economic mainstays, have declined since the late 20th cent. The cities serve as a gateway to Olympic National Park (see under Olympic Mts.). Aberdeen is the site of Grays Harbor Historical Seaport and its tall ships.
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George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of. 1784--1860, British statesman. He was foreign secretary under Wellington (1828) and Peel (1841--46); became prime minister of a coalition ministry in 1852 but was compelled to resign after mismanagement of the Crimean War (1855)
1. a city in NE Scotland, on the North Sea: centre for processing North Sea oil and gas; university (1494). Pop.: 184 788 (2001)
2. City of. a council area in NE Scotland, established in 1996. Pop.: 206 600 (2003 est.). Area: 186 sq. km (72 sq. miles)
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