Chen Shui-bian

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Chen Shui-bian

(chŭn shwā-byän), 1951–, Taiwanese political leader, president of Taiwan (2000–2008). Born into poverty, he obtained his law degree from National Taiwan Univ. in 1975 and practiced as a maritime lawyer. During the 1980s he became involved in the dissident movement against the long-ruling KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 (KMT; Nationalist party), entering politics as a Taipei city councilor in 1981. In 1987 Chen joined the newly legalized opposition Democratic Progressive party (DPP), quickly becoming a leader of the group. He won a legislative seat in 1989 and later (1994–98) served as mayor of Taipei.

In 2000 he was elected president in a three-way race, succeeding Lee Teng-huiLee Teng-hui
, 1923–, Taiwanese agricultural economist and politician, president of Taiwan (1988–2000). Born in Taiwan when it was ruled by Japan, he was educated at Kyoto Imperial, Iowa State, and Cornell universities.
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 and ending more than 50 years of KMT rule. The DPP did not control the legislature, however, restricting Chen's ability to enact reforms. Chen had long called for Taiwan's formal independence from China, a step the mainland has said would lead to military action, but moderated his position prior to the campaign. The issue, nonetheless, remained a source of tension with China, as Chen has continued to support such a move during his terms president.

Chen was reelected in 2004; in the final days of the campaign he was wounded in an apparent assassination attempt that opposition leaders accused him of staging. In the second half of 2006 a series of corruption accusations and indictments against Chen and his family led KMT legislators to attempt to remove Chen from office three times, but each time the party failed to achieve the two-thirds vote required to do so. Chen resigned as DPP party leader in Jan., 2008, when the KMT won a landslide victory in the legislative elections. Beginning in Dec., 2008, after Chen had left office, he and his wife were indicted on corruption charges, and were convicted and sentenced on several corruption and other charges in 2009, 2010, and 2011.

References in periodicals archive ?
This will be done through increased encouragement to the private sector initiatives/partnerships to optimally participate in the creation of wealth and reduction of poverty amongst Abians.
Nowadays, the vigilant villagers rarely catch individuals hunting or felling trees, though there are those who harvest wild honey in the forest under regulation, Abian said.
2 seed and 2010 & 2013 winner, Spain's Pablo Abian, will play a qualifier.
In his paper, Bander Al Abian, president of the Human Rights Commission, said that the world is witnessing a qualitative change in vision regarding the disabled, from negligence, marginalization and compassionate philanthropy to comprehensive development of human rights.
Ajay Jayaram's campaign came to an end as he went down to Spaniard Pablo Abian 9- 21, 17- 21.
Et Abelagin tomo de aquella gente que su padre le mandaua et fuese lo mas ayna que pudo, et lidio con gente de Origuela, et de Orta, et de Valencia, et de Alicante et de Denia; et quiso Dios assi que los vencio, et dieronse las villas por pleitesia, et ficieronle la carta de seruidumbre de esta manera: que los defendiesse, et los amparasse, et los non partiesse los fijos de los padres, nin los padres de los fijos, sinon por su plazer de ellos, et que obiesen sus heredamientos como los abian, et cada home que en las villas morasse diesse un [.
Candidates who made it to the top included Erwin Consuegra (Polytechnic University of the Philippines), Grant Shewin CedeEo Capinpin (Bicol University), Charles Demegillo III (La Consolacion College), Joyette Ponce (University of the Philippines-Diliman), Virgo Celzo Ibarra (Bicol University), Ricky Sesbreno (University of San Agustin-Iloilo), Carlo Abian (Palawan State University), Erwin De Castro (Technological University of the Philippines), Ricky Tamayosa (Central Colleges of the Philippines), Cerisse Joan Noriega (University of Santo Tomas) and Emil Literal (Aquinas University).
Sobresale tambien en esta representacion una curiosa letra sacada por el mantenedor de la fiesta, quien "estando algo sentido de algunos que le abian calumniado que la ynvencion que no saliera tan a gusto como salio, saco en una tarjetilla figurada una higa y debaxo una letra que dezia": (18)
BADMINTON Men's Singles Group B: S Santoso (Ina) bt M Lahnsteiner (Aut) 2-0, Group D: K Parupalli (Ind) bt Tien Minh Nguyen (Vie) 2-0, Group H: Wan Ho Son (Kor) bt Jen Hao Hsu (Tpe) 2-0, Group O: T Hidayat (Ina) bt P Abian (Spa), Group M: K Cordon (Gua) bt R Ouseph (Gbr) 2-1.
These two greats are drawn in adjoining groups and would meet in the last 16 if, as expected, Lin beats Scott Evans, the world number 76 from Ireland, and Hidayat overcomes Pablo Abian, the world number 34 from Spain, and Petr Koukal, the world number 78 from the Czech Republic.