Chen Shui-bian

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Chen Shui-bian

(chŭn shwā-byän), 1951–, Taiwanese political leader, president of Taiwan (2000–2008). Born into poverty, he obtained his law degree from National Taiwan Univ. in 1975 and practiced as a maritime lawyer. During the 1980s he became involved in the dissident movement against the long-ruling KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 (KMT; Nationalist party), entering politics as a Taipei city councilor in 1981. In 1987 Chen joined the newly legalized opposition Democratic Progressive party (DPP), quickly becoming a leader of the group. He won a legislative seat in 1989 and later (1994–98) served as mayor of Taipei.

In 2000 he was elected president in a three-way race, succeeding Lee Teng-huiLee Teng-hui
, 1923–, Taiwanese agricultural economist and politician, president of Taiwan (1988–2000). Born in Taiwan when it was ruled by Japan, he was educated at Kyoto Imperial, Iowa State, and Cornell universities.
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 and ending more than 50 years of KMT rule. The DPP did not control the legislature, however, restricting Chen's ability to enact reforms. Chen had long called for Taiwan's formal independence from China, a step the mainland has said would lead to military action, but moderated his position prior to the campaign. The issue, nonetheless, remained a source of tension with China, as Chen has continued to support such a move during his terms president.

Chen was reelected in 2004; in the final days of the campaign he was wounded in an apparent assassination attempt that opposition leaders accused him of staging. In the second half of 2006 a series of corruption accusations and indictments against Chen and his family led KMT legislators to attempt to remove Chen from office three times, but each time the party failed to achieve the two-thirds vote required to do so. Chen resigned as DPP party leader in Jan., 2008, when the KMT won a landslide victory in the legislative elections. Beginning in Dec., 2008, after Chen had left office, he and his wife were indicted on corruption charges, and were convicted and sentenced on several corruption and other charges in 2009, 2010, and 2011.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ten years ago, John began accepting fewer jobs to spend more time at home with his wife Melanie, sons Jumoke, 21, Abian, 19, and daughters Asiya, 17, and Xolisweh, 15.
Out: Jason Koumas (released); Steven Caldwell (Birmingham), free; Daniel De Ridder (Grasshoppers), free; Joseph Holt (released); Thomas Lambert (released); Thomas Oakes (released); Francis Pollitt (released); Abian Serrano Davila (released); Charles N'Zogbia (Aston Villa), pounds 9.
1] Abian Alexander, Direct Sum Decomposition of Atomic and Orthogonally Complete Rings, The Journal of the Australian Math Soc, Vol.
Joachim Persson, ranked sixth in the world, suffered a 19-21 21-19 18-21 defeat against Pablo Abian, who is ranked 103.
The tracks are The Wayshowers (4:59), My One and Only Love (6:31), Bebop (4:46), Morning After (4:31), Chameleon (5:27), Summerland (4:32), Willow Weep for Me (4:59), Billies Bounce (3:47), Dear Thaddeus and Roland (4:21), Abian Blue (5:24), All Blues (5:32), and Milestones (5:56).
Ella declaro lo siguiente: << Al dia siguiente de esa noche le comunico un aleman qe nole conoce su nombre, este le dijo qe abian echo otro salteo i qe alas pocas oras se agolpo alli porsion de alemanes i qe estos le allanaron la casa >> (ANJV, leg.
Hampshire's Andrew Smith also reached the second round with a good win over Spain's Pablo Abian 21-15, 21-13.
Sonia Abian and Carlos Piergari's clunky, handcrafted boxes on pedestals, Aparatobarrio (Neighborhood Apparatus), 2004, are decorated with fanciful figurative paintings and contain drawers of different sizes that offer the curious visitor a variety of texts and images.
Travaron amistad con dos monta[+ or -]eses, que fueron a bender tocas y capatos a la Villa del Real de Mancanares, y aviendo visto que la gEespeda donde posaban les avia entregado unos reales de a ocho, que la abian dado a guardar, y aviendo salido los dichos toqueros monta[+ or -]eses de la dicha Villa de Cercedilla para Segobia el dicho dia, salieron tras ellos los dichos Antonio Gonc[sz]lvez y Juan Tinado por caminos estrabiados, y acompa[+ or -]ados por un hombre biarnes llamado Francisco, llegando a El Arco y Ominguete, que es junto al puerto de la Fuenfria, mataron a los dichos toqueros, y les robaron cien reales de a ocho y cien reales de calderilla y un caballo, y esto lo executaron por el dia del Corpus deste a[+ or -]o.
3000 to 4000 against Abian (canal water charges) of Rs.