Jesus' response begins with Mark 2:25-26 where he tells of how David and his men are given the bread of Presence to eat by Abiathar
, the high priest.
How he went into the house of God when Abiathar
was high priest and ate the bread of offering that only the priests could lawfully eat, and shared it with his companions?" Then he said to them, "The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath.
Rashi comments that although some maintain that he was the high priest, this opinion must be rejected since Zadok and Abiathar
held that office during the reigns of David and Solomon.
In response, Jesus asks if they remember what David did when Abiathar
was the high priest, how he went into the temple and ate the shewbread that only the priests are supposed to eat.
Mark 2:26 states that King David ate the holy bread when Abiathar
was high priest but the correct name for the high priest then was Ahimelech.
Hagan here is like the priest Abiathar
, whom Solomon thrust out from being priest in Jerusalem, and banished to house-arrest in his birthplace in Anathoth, though it is Carlo who thinks he is being sent back to work in his native Nevada, after a kind of house-arrest like Shimei's in Jerusalem.
In biblical tradition, Anathoth is remembered as the village to which Abiathar
, one of David's high priests, was exiled at the time of Solomon's succession to the throne (1 Kgs 2:26).
Archaeologists have determined that the biblical city of Anathoth to which the Levitical priest Abiathar
fled is Ras el-Karrubeh, but it did not survive the Iron Age (Peterson 1992).
Request for him the kingship, since he is my elder brother; for him and for Abiathar
the priest and for Joab the son of Zeruiah [the chief ex-conspirators].
This is underscored with the announcement of political support by David's commander Joab and Abiathar
the priest for Adonijah, with the military and cultic, influence that this support seems to imply.
An original narrative concerning Samuel, Saul, and David, now constituting the bulk of both books, and emanating from an Elide group (possibly Abiathar
) contemporary with David, was subjected to an extensive revision by a member of the Zadokite family shortly after the division of the Davidic-Solomonic kingdom.