Abnaki


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Abnaki

or

Abenaki

(both: ăbnä`kē), Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The name Abnaki was given to them by the French; properly it should be Wabanaki, a word that refers to morning and the east and may be interpreted as those "living at the sunrise." The Abnaki lived mostly in what is now Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. Abnaki legend has it that they came from the Southwest, but the exact time is unsure. The Abnaki resided in settled villages, often surrounded by palisades, and lived by growing corn, fishing, and hunting. They were early involved in the French fur trade. Their own name for their conical huts covered with bark or mats, wigwamwigwam
, dwelling found among the Algonquian of the Eastern woodlands area of the United States. The wigwam was usually conical, arborlike, or domed. Some were small, accommodating a single family; others were large communal dwellings.
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, came to be generally used in English. After a series of bloody conflicts with British colonists in the late 17th and 18th cent. (see French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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), the Abnaki and related tribes (the Malecite, the Mi'kmaq, the Passamaquoddy, the Pennacook, the Penobscot, and others) withdrew into Canada, where they received protection from the French. In 1990 there were some 1,500 Abnaki in the United States, mostly in N Vermont. About 1,000 live in Quebec and another group lives in Maine. There are also around 2,500 Passamaquoddy, mostly in Maine (see separate entries for other related tribes).
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Above: The tug Abnaki hauls U-505, with a large US flag flying over it, toward Bermuda.
I died," it seems to tell her, "while July, The month of freedom, tiger-striped the sky With bombs and rockets." (484-493) The child in this excerpt, with his Indian war paint, makes play out of violence while also taking on the role of the subjugated, exoticized Abnakis, which gives him an aura of savagery.
A Grade 1 winner as a novice, Alan King's son of Tiger Hill looked ring-rusty when fifth to Ely Brown, but will benefit from that and can reverse placings with secondplaced Buachaill Alainn and fourth home Abnaki.
NAOMI MATTHEW: 5.45 Outlaw Tom, 6.15 Marodima, 6.45 King Ozzy, 7.20 Sara's Smile, 7.55 Night Rose, 8.30 Abnaki, 9.00 Western Approaches.
Smoak (843) 563-4009 USS Guadalcanal CVE60, Task Gp 22.3 & escorts; USS Flaherty DE135L; USS Jenks DE665; USS Pose DE134; USS Pillsbury DE133 & USS Chatelain DE148 & support gps; USS Abnaki ATF-96; USS Humbolt AVP-21; USS Kennececk AG-36; PCE864 & air gps VC-6, VC-42, VC-69, VF-80A & VF-933: Julian Austin (828) 652-2514; juleve@mcdowell.main.nc.us USS Harry F Bauer DM-26: George Adams (410) 859-3408 USS Hubbard DE-211/APD-53: William P.
In the tradition of another Maine Indian tribe, the Abnaki, Pomola is the guardian goddess of Ktaadn [see Robert D.
David Pipe, trainer of Goulanes See column, page 14 Jonjo O'Neill, trainer of Abnaki "He ran really well on his comeback at Aintree, just getting tired from the last."
WARWICK: 12.35 Terra Bleu, 1.10 Abnaki, 1.45 Mush Mir, 2.20 Thats Ben, 2.50 North Stack, 3.20 La Belle Sauvage, 3.50 Swing Bowler.
UTTOXETER: 2.15 Inandover, 2.45 Baan, 3.15 Hi Ho Silvia, 3.45 Abnaki, 4.20 The Last Derby (nap), 4.55 My Condor, 5.25 Some Catch, 5.55 Brompton Brow.
NAOMI MATTHEW: 2.30 Handy Andy, 3.00 Stow, 3.30 Vamizi, 4.00 Hidden Keel, 4.30 Blackstaff, 5.00 Abnaki, 5.30 Bob Emmet.
It's hard to know how good the unexposed Goulanes is and he is obviously a danger, but at 12-1 with Paddy Power I can't resist a few quid on Abnaki.
SOUTHWELL: 5.45 Outlaw Tom, 6.15 Marodima, 6.45 King Ozzy, 7.20 Sara's Smile, 7.55 Tushana, 8.30 Abnaki, 9.00 Western Approaches.