Abolitionism

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Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
AFRICAN-Caribbean culture is being celebrated in Huddersfield to mark the abolition of slavery.
It is part of Hull Against Racism day and ties in with the 200th anniversary of William Wilberforce successfully instigating the abolition of slavery.
AN EXHIBITION is celebrating the 200th anniversary of the abolition of slavery.
A RENOWNED poet and activist will give his thoughts on the abolition of slavery and other events which have shaped the world this weekend.
The youngsters could perform one of four plays, with the theme of "entrapment and power" to coincide with the bicentenary of the abolition of slavery. Primary schools had the choice of A Midsummer Night's Dream and Macbeth; secondary schools of Othello or Richard III.
It is noticeable that those who do not take a very liberal view on sexual issues are using the commemoration of the abolition of slavery in order to press for the prosecution of men who use sexual services.
He is one of several individuals to appear on a set of six stamps issued to mark 200 years since the abolition of slavery. Above (clockwise from top left): former slave, Olaudah Equiano; William Wilberforce; first Chairman of the Abolition nmovement, Granville Sharp; former slave and writer, Ignatius San-cho; writer Hannah More and Thomas Clarkson, who collected evidence on the evils of the trade.
The series takes its name from one of Liverpool's most famous sons, William Roscoe, who campaigned for the abolition of slavery.
YOUR culture reporter Catherine Jones makes the mistake of putting the date for the abolition of slavery as 1807 in the article City Spotlight on Slavery (ECHO, Jan 25).
But he has only just half-apologised for the abolition of slavery and that happened 200 years ago.
The irony is that the big fella upstairs probably welcomed the likes of Washington and Lincoln with open arms (founding of a great nation, abolition of slavery, nice one).