Abolitionism

(redirected from Abolition of slavery)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
But Bobby Melville, the 10th Viscount Melville, said claims his ancestor was opposed to the abolition of slavery were "wholly untrue and false".
He points out, for example, that the regime did not simply crumble in 1791 and that early on its leaders did not yet envision the complete abolition of slavery.
The United Nations (UN) is committed to fighting slavery and using International Day for the Abolition of Slavery to raise awareness on the subject.
So why doesn''t the Prime Minister fill this legislative hole with an Abolition of Slavery Bill?
Slave labour made large-scale cotton cultivation possible, greatly increasing the demand for slaves and boosting the regional economy until the abolition of slavery following the American Civil War.
Creating an Orange Utopia tells of the challenges she faced in her journey west, her efforts to support the women's movements and the abolition of slavery, and much more.
I didn't say anyone was stupid, but we could end up with someone similar to the best known "independent" -William Wilberforce, MP for Hull and responsible for the abolition of slavery and a whole raft of other social improvements.
Little is known about the personal lives of the Midlands' black workers both before and after the abolition of slavery in 1807.
He was a prominent diplomat, helping to secure France's support in the Revolutionary War, and successful printer and writer who supported American independence and the abolition of slavery.
Obama also did a lot of reading about the Black Americans and asked himself why, more than 100 years after the abolition of slavery, there was no racial equality?
Historical examples include the movements for the abolition of slavery, for women's suffrage, and for civil rights.
The most recent publications on the topic of slavery in Puerto Rico, Slave Revolts in Puerto Rico (translated from Spanish to English), La esclavitud menor: la esclavitud en los municipios del interior de Puerto Rico, and Sugar, Slavery, and Freedom in Nineteenth-Century Puerto Rico highlight some aspects that previous scholars have overlooked: 1) the degree to which slaves in Puerto Rico through rebellions and others manifestations struggled to gain their freedom, 2) the individual and collective lives of former slaves in the subsequent decades after the abolition of slavery, 3) and the correlation between slavery and race in the Puerto Rican society.