Abolitionism

(redirected from Abolitionist Movement)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Abolitionist Movement: abolitionism, White abolitionists

Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
This is the story of our journey to do this to further enhance awareness and understanding of our history and the University's connections to both historical slavery and the abolitionist movement.'
Burn Down the American Plantation (Revolutionary Abolitionist Movement 2017, 19) advocates "placing self-defense at the center of our revolutionary movement" and calls on existing antifascist groups and cop watches to model themselves on the self-defense forces of the Rojava Revolution.
The first point to address here is what is meant by the contemporary abolitionist movement? The concept of the 'contemporary abolitionist movement' (hereafter, the abolitionist movement) is relatively easy to both identify and define.
"He is better known for his role in the abolitionist movement but he also was a huge campaigner for disabled people."
He was influential both in the abolitionist movement and in the process of statehood for New Mexico, where he became territorial governor.
Rhetorically, Nikiforuk advances the analogy between oil economies and slavery to call for a new abolitionist movement to end our dependence on oil.
Noting that authors such as Hawthorne did not side with or against the abolitionist movement, he posits that antebellum American literature "came to be valued for the case it made for compromise and moderation--for the middle ground that vanished as the nation descended into fratricidal war" (39).
Professor Roger Hood, Professor Emeritus of Criminology at the University of Oxford, in his keynote address covered the various aspects application of the death penalty and the abolitionist movement worldwide.
The editors demonstrate how Douglass was molded by various contexts and monumental events, including the institution of slavery, the abolitionist movement, the Civil War and Reconstruction, and the first decade of the Progressive era, "the nadir" for African Americans.
To declare that we have overcome is to forget about those who Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Eugene Robinson labels in his book Disintegration as "the abandoned." Leaving them behind to focus exclusively on building black wealth and making the black middle class more secure is the equivalent of shutting down the Underground Railroad and ending the abolitionist movement based on the twisted logic that all deserving black people had been freed and the rest were just meant to be slaves.
The breadth of subjects--illustrated with vintage and contemporary photographs--ranges from a description of the abolitionist movement to the specific vegetables commonly used in the Upper Peninsula dish known as the "pasty."
In the present work, they extend this investigation in an effort to place both the Origin of Species and the Descent of Man in the context of the abolitionist movement. The result is a highly detailed account of how the slavery issue shaped the scientific and moral debates of the time, providing a motivating factor behind Darwin's own biological work.