Abolitionism

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Related to Abolitionist Movement: abolitionism, White abolitionists

Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
Southern planters responded to the growing abolitionist movement in the 1840s and 1850s with an explicitly proslavery argument that asserted that African Americans and the American economy were both better off for the presence of slavery, and that the mid-19th-century example of Irish urban desperation was precisely what free blacks and their advocates should expect if slavery were abolished.
Dah Abeid, the IRA and an increasing number of grassroots abolitionist movements have been working to change that.
Pinckney examines seminal texts to show that, contrary to this belief, blacks played a large role in the abolitionist movement.
He soon befriended William Lloyd Garrison and other key figures in the abolitionist movement, who urged him to share his own experiences.
In the present work, they extend this investigation in an effort to place both the Origin of Species and the Descent of Man in the context of the abolitionist movement.
The breadth of subjects--illustrated with vintage and contemporary photographs--ranges from a description of the abolitionist movement to the specific vegetables commonly used in the Upper Peninsula dish known as the "pasty.
Bassett had been an active voice in the abolitionist movement since the 1850s.
After an engaging introduction that explores historical writing about the Jewish experience in America during the war, the collection moves through seven sections that include the Atlantic slave trade, the contours of antebellum slavery and the abolitionist movement.
One of Musasama's early garden series was inspired by her research of the Maple Tree abolitionist movement initiated in New York and Holland in the 1790s to protest slavery in the West Indies.
It may well he that the Bay State's relatively late immigration and small black population, variable partisan competition, and strong abolitionist movement combined to ignite a firewall against racial ascription.
For students of history particularly of the Abolitionist movement and the Westward expansion this book provides valuable insight into the lives of pioneers and the violent uproar of the times.
Lincoln and Douglass: An American Friendship is the DVD adaptation of a children's picturebook about the extraordinary friendship between President Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass, a man born into slavery but who escaped to freedom and became a major figure of the abolitionist movement.