Abraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra
Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra:see Ibn Ezra, Abraham ben MeirIbn Ezra, Abraham ben Meir
, c.1089–1164, Jewish grammarian, commentator, poet, philosopher, and astronomer, b. Tudela, Spain. He traveled widely and wrote a number of ethical treatises, poems, and other works.
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Ibn Ezra, Abraham ben Meir(mâr), c.1089–1164, Jewish grammarian, commentator, poet, philosopher, and astronomer, b. Tudela, Spain. He traveled widely and wrote a number of ethical treatises, poems, and other works. Revered in Orthodox Judaism as one of the most important authors of biblical commentary, his interpretations were Neoplatonic and often rationalistic. He was the inspiration for Robert Browning's "Rabbi Ben Ezra." Aben Ezra is another form of his name.
See R. Levy, The Astrological Works of Abraham Ibn Ezra (1927); M. Friedländer, Essays on the Writings of Abraham Ibn Ezra (1877, repr. 1963–64).
Ibn Ezra, Abraham Ben Meir
Born 1092 in Toledo; died 1167 in Rome. Jewish poet, scholar, rabbi, and philosopher.
Ibn Ezra lived until about 1140 in Spain, where he became famous primarily as a lyrical and philosophical poet. Later he traveled in Europe and was a teacher in Jewish communities. The author of more than 100 works, Ibn Ezra was one of the first critics of biblical texts. In his commentaries on the Old Testament he advanced ideas that often diverged from accepted traditions and that were developed only in modern times. These writings include commentaries on the Pentateuch and on the two authors of the Book of Isaiah. As a philosopher, Ibn Ezra was close to the Neoplatonists, as exemplified in his major work, The Basis of Reverence, but also maintained contact with Aristotelianism, as shown in his narrative poem Chai ben Mekii, which was written under the influence of Avicenna. Ibn Ezra also wrote works on Hebrew grammar, mathematics, and astronomy and was one of the first translators of scholarly literature from Arabic into Hebrew.