Abraj Al-Bait

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Abraj Al-Bait,

complex of seven government-owned, mixed-use buildings in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The most impressive structure, the Makkah Royal Clock Tower, is the tallest building in Saudi Arabia, at 1,972 ft (601 m) high, and one of the tallest in the world; it has the world's largest clock face. Designed by the German architectural firm SL Rasch and developed (2002–12) by the Saudi Bin Laden Group, the complex contains luxury hotels and apartments, shopping malls, restaurants, and parking garages, and towers over the neighboring Great Mosque. It is part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project, created to modernize the city and cater to the millions of hajjhajj
, the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. Its annual observance corresponds to the major holy day id al-adha, itself a commemoration of Abraham's readiness to sacrifice his son on Divine orders.
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 pilgrims who visit Mecca every year. Its construction required the demolition of an 18th-century Ottoman fortress.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Located in the holy city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, the world's most expensive building is the Abraj Al Bait Towers, also known as the Makkah Royal Hotel Clock Tower.
At 632m the Shanghai Tower displaces the 601m-tall Makkah Clock Tower, part of the Abraj Al Bait Towers complex, to claim the second spot - surpassed only by the towering Burj Khalifa at 828m.
Known as the Abraj Al Bait Towers, these seven structures currently hold several world records of their own, including the world's tallest clock tower at 530 m, the largest clock face at 1,849 sq m and the world's largest floor area at approximately 1.5 million sq m.
Homes and hills are to be flattened and in their place about 130 skyscrapers are planned, including the Abraj Al Bait Towers, which is to be one of the world's biggest buildings.
Some of its other projects in the Middle East include the Burj Khalifa, the Abraj Al Bait Towers and Royal Clock Hotel Tower in Mecca and the Sidra Medical and Research Centre in Qatar.