Abramtsevo

Abramtsevo

 

a country estate near the town of Zagorsk, Moscow Oblast. From 1843 it was the estate of the Ak-sakovs; from 1870, that of S. I. Mamontov; and since 1918, a museum.

In the park adjacent to the wooden mid-18th-century manor, which was enlarged in 1870–78, there are buildings designed in the “Russian style” by V. A. Gartman (“The Studio,” 1872), I. P. Ropeta (“Fairy-tale House,” 1873), and V. M. Vasnetsov (church, 1881–82, and “Hut on Chicken Legs,” 1883). S. T. Aksakov was visited by N. V. Gogol’, I. S. Turgenev, and M. S. Shchepkin at Abramtsevo. During the last three decades of the 19th century, Abramtsevo was an important center of artistic life; there was great interest in Russian history and culture there, and an attempt was made to revive folk art. The artists V. M. Vasnetsov, I. E. Repin, V. D. and E. D. Polenova, V. A. Serov, M. A. Vrubel’, K. A. Korovin, M. V. Nesterov, and many others lived and worked at Abramtsevo; expert wood carvings (1882) and majolicas were created, marked at times by features of the “modern” style. K. S. Stanislavsky, F. I. Chaliapin, and others took part in the amateur theatricals at Abramtsevo, which served as a basis for the Moscow private Russian opera. The exhibits at the museum include the private study of S. T. Aksakov, information about the life of the Aksakov family, Gogol, and Turgenev, and works of the artists connected with the Abramtsevo circle.

REFERENCES

Pakhomov, N. Muzei Abramtsevo. Moscow, [1968].
Abramtsevo. Putevoditel’. Compiled by E. P. Naselenko and E. A. Smirnova. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike the critics she cites, Fishzon is clearly fascinated with the inner life of a typical "artistic" female of fin-de-siecle Russia, be it the bizarre fantasy world of a psikhopatka or the more refined existence of the reserved, reticent art lover Elizaveta Mamontova, first a partner in her husband Savva's early artistic endeavors in Abramtsevo and Rome, then a reclusive estranged wife of his Private Opera years (19-26).
The first Russian nested doll set was carved in 1890 by Vasily Zvyozdochkin from a design by Sergey Malyutin, a folk crafts painter in the Abramtsevo estate of the Russian industrialist and art patron Savva Mamontov.
Abramtsevo, the artistic community he created, was dominated by arts and crafts; in his theatrical productions, acting and visuals took center stage, especially the innovative decorations by eminent painters such as his personal discovery, Mikhail Vrubel.
By 1910 he successfully achieved the rounded, sculptural forms he had been seeking by using multiple layers of paint, for instance in the simple Still Life with Bottle and Pitcher, painted at the artists' colony at Abramtsevo, north of Moscow, that year.
Although many people think that the origin of the dolls dates well back in history, in reality, the first Matryoshka was created in 1890 in the workshop "Children's Education," situated on the Abramtsevo Estate in new Moscow.
Smaller but significant artistic communities such as Hubbard's Roycraft and Stickley's Craftman Farms in the United States; Ashbee's experimental community in Chipping Campden in the Cotswolds, England; the artistic colony in Darmstadt, Germany, founded in I899 by Ernst Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse; the Abramtsevo workshops in Russia; and the Godollo colony in Hungary would have been important examples of how artistic communities were networked across Europe and the United States.
Haldey's Mamontov's Private Opera brings to life the colorful personality of Sawa Ivanovich Mamontov--railroad magnate, opera impresario, stage director, and founder of the Abramtsevo art colony.
Philanthropic experiments in preserving Slavonic artistic traditions, at Abramtsevo and Talashkino, introduced Arts and Crafts ideals to Russia.
Open Competition: Open Tender For The Right To A State Contract To Perform Design And Survey Works On The Project: Federal State Institution Of Culture State Historical Artistic And Literary Museum-Reserve Abramtsevo - Construction And Reconstruction Of Museum And Exhibition Complex At The Address: Moscow Region, Sergiev -Posadsky District, Urban Settlement Khotkovo With.