Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Abrikosov, Aleksei Ivanovich


Born Jan. 6 (18), 1875; died Apr. 9, 1955. Soviet pathological anatomist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939) and the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944). Hero of Socialist Labor (1945). Member of the CPSU from 1939.

Abrikosov graduated from Moscow University in 1899. From 1920 to 1953 he was a professor in the department of medicine at Moscow University (from 1930, the First Moscow Medical Institute). He was director of the Institute of Normal and Pathological Morphology of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR from 1944 to 1951. He organized, and from 1938 was honorary chairman, of the Moscow Society of Pathologists. His main works were devoted to pulmonary tuberculosis, pathological anatomy of sympathetic ganglions, muscular tumors, and the morphology of allergies. He was a corresponding member of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Abrikosov received the State Prize of the USSR in 1942. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.


O pervikh anatomicheskikh izmeneniiakh v legkikh pri nachale legochnogo tuberkuleza. Moscow, 1904.
Chastnaia patologicheskaia anatomiia, 2nd ed., issues 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947.
Osnovy obshchei patologicheskoi anatomii, 9th ed. Moscow, 1949.
Osnovy chastnoi patologicheskoi anatomii, 4th ed. Moscow, 1950.


Strukov, A. I. Akademik Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov: Bibliografiia. Moscow, 1951.
Davydovskii, I. V. “Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov.” Vestnik AMN SSSR, 1955, no. 2.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.