Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov

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Abrikosov, Aleksei Ivanovich


Born Jan. 6 (18), 1875; died Apr. 9, 1955. Soviet pathological anatomist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939) and the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944). Hero of Socialist Labor (1945). Member of the CPSU from 1939.

Abrikosov graduated from Moscow University in 1899. From 1920 to 1953 he was a professor in the department of medicine at Moscow University (from 1930, the First Moscow Medical Institute). He was director of the Institute of Normal and Pathological Morphology of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR from 1944 to 1951. He organized, and from 1938 was honorary chairman, of the Moscow Society of Pathologists. His main works were devoted to pulmonary tuberculosis, pathological anatomy of sympathetic ganglions, muscular tumors, and the morphology of allergies. He was a corresponding member of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Abrikosov received the State Prize of the USSR in 1942. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.


O pervikh anatomicheskikh izmeneniiakh v legkikh pri nachale legochnogo tuberkuleza. Moscow, 1904.
Chastnaia patologicheskaia anatomiia, 2nd ed., issues 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947.
Osnovy obshchei patologicheskoi anatomii, 9th ed. Moscow, 1949.
Osnovy chastnoi patologicheskoi anatomii, 4th ed. Moscow, 1950.


Strukov, A. I. Akademik Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov: Bibliografiia. Moscow, 1951.
Davydovskii, I. V. “Aleksei Ivanovich Abrikosov.” Vestnik AMN SSSR, 1955, no. 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
Histogenesis of Abrikossoff tumour of the oral cavity.
1) The first report of granular cell tumor is attributed to Abrikossoff in 1926 localized in the tongue and he proposed origin from striated muscle cells and he termed this lesion as myoblastoma.
Granular cell tumors, also called Abrikossoff tumors, are benign, slowly growing neoplasms, presumably of Schwann cell origin.
Granular cell tumor (GCT), described in 1926 by Abrikossoff, (1) was originally thought to be a muscle tumor and named granular cell myoblastoma.
Abrikossoff was the first to describe this tumor in the literature in 1926 as a myoblastoma, since it was reported as a tumor arising from muscle in the tongue.
1) Granular cell tumor was first described by Abrikossoff (2) in 1926 as granular cell myoblastoma, assuming a myogenic origin.
The true nature of granular cell tumor has been a source of controversy since its recognition as an entity by Abrikossoff in 1926.